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Preprocessing cotton to prevent byssinosis.

Authors
Merchant-JA; Lumsden-JC; Kilburn-KH; Germino-VH; Hamilton-JD; Lynn-WS; Byrd-H; Baucom-D
Source
Br J Ind Med 1973 Jul; 30(3):237-247
NIOSHTIC No.
00024388
Abstract
Sixteen workers in a cotton textile mill, suffering from reduction in respiratory function with exposure to cotton dust, are exposed to raw cottons and cottons preprocessed by heating, washing, and steaming to determine the effect of cleaning or deactivating the cotton on the prevention of byssinosis. Autoclaving cotton is the most successful treatment, reducing symptoms such as chest tightness and/or dyspnea, forced expiratory volume, and mean dust levels. Regressions calculated from raw and high capacity steaming trails indicate that at low dust levels steamed cotton dust is about 50% as biologically active as raw cotton dust.
Keywords
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Grant; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Textiles-industry; Pulmonary-function-tests; Humidity; Air-quality-control; Dust-control; Dust-sampling; Heat-treatment; Steam; Autoclaves; Control-methods
Contact
Medicine University of Missouri N424 Medical Center Columbia, MO 65201
CODEN
BJIMAG
Publication Date
19730701
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Amount
230991
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1973
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-00511; Grant-Number-R01-Oh-00302
Issue of Publication
3
ISSN
0007-1072
Priority Area
Pulmonary-system-disorders
Source Name
British Journal of Industrial Medicine
State
MO; NC
Performing Organization
University of Missouri Columbia, Columbia, Missouri
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