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Behavior of naive subjects during decompression: an evaluation of automatically presented passenger oxygen equipment.

Authors
Chisholm-DM; Billings-CE; Bason-R
Source
Aerosp Med 1974 Feb; 45(2):123-127
NIOSHTIC No.
00023365
Abstract
Behavioral analysis of reaction of unindoctrinated subjects exposed to simulated emergency rapid decompression, from 5,000 to 20,000 feet in an altitude chamber. The times required to notice, obtain, don, and breathe from automatically presented oxygen masks are compared to times used by experienced pilots. The data are interpreted as indicating two populations, rapid or slow reaction, with covert anxiety being a factor in emergency situations. The subject response is judged to affect the usefulness of the equipment, explicit instructions and possible warning systems being suggested as measures improving mask utilization.
Keywords
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Grant; Aerospace-medicine; Respiratory-protection; Respirators; Personal-protective-equipment; Training; Orientation; Psychological-responses; Physiological-responses; Emotional-stress; Sensory-perception-processes; Oxygen-masks; Reaction-time; Safety-devices; Human-engineering; Psychomotor-tests; Performance-tests
Contact
Preventive Medicine Dept of Preventive Medicine 410 West Tenth Avenue Columbus, Ohio 43210
CODEN
AEMEAY
Publication Date
19740201
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Amount
91330.00
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1974
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-T01-OH-00018
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
0001-9402
Priority Area
Respirators
Source Name
Aerospace Medicine
State
OH
Performing Organization
Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio
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