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Byssinosis in a nontextile worker.

Authors
Hamilton-JD; Germino-VH Jr.; Merchant-JA; Lumsden-JC; Kilburn-KH
Source
Am Rev Respir Dis 1973 Mar; 107(3):464-466
NIOSHTIC No.
00023018
Abstract
Case study of a 32-year-old male with a history of childhood asthma and hay fever but without occupational exposure to the cotton mill environment, exposed to a cotton mill environment to determine the role of atopy in susceptibility, the nature of tolerance to systemic effects of cotton dust, and whether blood gas abnormalities accompany the characteristic bronchoconstriction of byssinosis. Data are given for symptomatic and pulmonary function responses to cotton dust exposure, dust levels in cotton mills, and for changes in the respiratory systems. Acute, profound decreases in forced expiratory volume in one second and arterial oxygen tension are noted within 15 minutes of entering the mill and are correlated with the development of severe shortness of breath. Results indicate that a history of asthma may increase the likelihood of reaction to cotton dust, that a prior period of sensitization to cotton dust is not essential, and that very severe changes in pulmonary flow and arterial oxygenation may occur in a nontextile worker.
Keywords
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Grant; Dust-control; Respiratory-disorders; Respiratory-function-tests; Dust-inhalation; Testing; Blood-gas-analysis; Respiratory-gas-levels; Air-quality
Contact
Medicine Duke University ED Ctr Durham, N C 27706
CODEN
ARDSBL
Publication Date
19730301
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Amount
265637
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1973
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-00302
Issue of Publication
3
ISSN
0003-0805
Source Name
American Review of Respiratory Disease
State
NC
Performing Organization
Duke University, Durham, North Carolina
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