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Byssinosis and chronic bronchitis among cotton textile workers.

Authors
Merchant-JA; Kilburn-KH; O'Fallon-WM; Hamilton-JD; Lumsden-JC
Source
Ann Intern Med 1972 Mar; 76(3):423-433
NIOSHTIC No.
00011980
Abstract
Survey of a modern cotton-synthetic blend mill to determine the prevalence and distribution of byssinosis, the effects of smoking, aging, and cotton-dust exposure on the frequency and severity of byssinosis, chronic bronchitis, and dyspnea (defined by index ratings), and whether total dust-samples would indicate byssinosis risk. Twenty percent of those working in preparation areas, 2% of those in yarn processing areas, and 6% of all employees were diagnosed by byssinotic. Among men, the byssinosis index increased with smoking, and the bronchitis index increased with smoking plus dust exposure. Byssinotic workers were found to have more chronic bronchitis and dyspnea than matched control workers. Byssinosis and chronic bronchitis are both influenced by cotton-dust exposure and cigarette smoking. Total-dust samples, in this plant, gave no indication of byssinosis risk.
Keywords
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Grant; Respiratory-system-disorders; Cotton-dust; Chronic-bronchitis; Smoking-habits; Dust-sampling; Textile-workers; Textiles-industry
Contact
Medicine Duke University ED Ctr Durham, N C 27706
CODEN
AIMEAS
Publication Date
19720301
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Amount
265637.00
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1972
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-00302
Issue of Publication
3
ISSN
0003-4819
Priority Area
Respiratory-system-disorders
Source Name
Annals of Internal Medicine
State
NC
Performing Organization
Duke University, Durham, North Carolina
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