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Byssinosis in the United States.

Authors
Bouhuys-A; Heaphy-LJ Jr.; Schilling-RS; Welborn-JW
Source
N Engl J Med 1967 Jul; 277(4):170-175
NIOSHTIC No.
00005902
Abstract
A report on byssinosis, an occupational respiratory disease of cotton, flax, and hemp workers, in the U.S. In the cotton industry, it occurs primarily among cardroom workers. Disabling byssinosis occurs among cotton workers irrespective of other environmental conditions such as air pollution, climate, and cigarette smoking. In this paper, data are presented on a group of cotton workers with respiratory disease from three southern states. The results suggest that it is urgently necessary to investigate the prevalence of byssinosis in the U.S. For 22 male cotton workers, respiratory symptoms, smoking habits, and occupational histories were recorded with a standard questionnaire. Three case histories of cardroom workers are recorded in detail. The Monday effect, respiratory distress only during the first day or two of the working week, of the dust has its objective correlate in acute pulmonary function changes developing during exposure to dust on Mondays. A discussion includes the history of textile workers, prevalence of chronic respiratory symptoms, and ventilatory capacities.
Keywords
Environment; Epidemiology; Respiration; Smokers
CODEN
NEJMAG
Publication Date
19670727
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Amount
52034.00
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1967
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-00207
Issue of Publication
4
ISSN
0028-4793
Source Name
New England Journal of Medicine
State
CT
Performing Organization
John B Pierce Foundation Labor 290 Congress Avenue New Haven, Conn 06519
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