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Development of Performance and Design Criteria for Isolation Gowns - FY12

NOTE: This page is archived for historical purposes and is no longer being maintained or updated.


  • To provide the basis for and recommend appropriate design and performance criteria for isolation gowns

Healthcare workers wearing isolation gowns

Applicable Standards

  • OSHA 1991
  • ASTM F23
  • AAMI PB 70
  • AATCC Standards

Key Partners

  • ASTM F23 Committee
  • Vestagen Technical Textiles
  • Kimberly
  • UC Davis
  • APIC
  • The Joint Commission
  • AORN
  • AAMI


  • Healthcare workers
  • Infection control professionals
  • Manufacturers
  • Standard Development Organizations

Project Scope

  • Identify the specific hazards and use conditions
  • Determine the performance, design and integration properties needed to demonstrate effectiveness
  • Select and develop appropriate test methods to measure performance properties
  • Establish design and performance criteria for isolation gowns including integration and interoperability that ensure an appropriate level of protection based on the results and user expectations
  • Communicate recommended test methods and criteria to the ASTM F23 Committee on isolation gowns and other industry stakeholders for use in standards


  • Q1 APIC Survey, literature review, set up equipment for testing
  • Q2 Write protocol, begin ordering test samples, demonstrate capability to do routine blood penetration testing
  • Q3 Submit protocol for external peer review, develop test plan, draft a review paper, conduct viral penetration testing
  • Q4 Address reviewers’ comments, set testing equipment in Morgantown, initiate testing, submit the manuscript for publication


  • Final report with technical data used by ASTM F23 Committee
  • Manuscripts published in peer-reviewed journals (0)
  • Presentations at national/international conferences (3)
    • A presentation was made at Jefferson School of Public Health (June, 2011)
    • An abstract was submitted for poster presentation at the 39th Annual APIC Educational Conference and International Meeting (June, 2012)


  • Healthcare workers use project outputs to select and use ensembles
  • Manufacturers use the outputs to develop and /or improve current isolation gowns
  • Consensus standards development organizations (ASTM, ISO, ANSI, AAMI), government agencies (FDA, etc.) and professional organizations (AORN, APIC, The Joint Commission) use recommended performance requirements to develop standards and / or guidance documents
  • Other researchers utilize the findings to initiate research on more effective healthcare worker personal protective ensembles
Page last updated: April 17, 2012
Page last reviewed: April 17, 2012
Content Source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
National Personal Protective Technology Laboratory