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System Safety Concepts Applied to Personal Protective Equipment (PP27) - FY07

NOTE: This page is archived for historical purposes and is no longer being maintained or updated.


  • Establish and document recommendations for using a System Safety Approach to ensure the safe design and use of high-tech personal protective equipment containing embedded electronics throughout its complete life cycle.
Electronic Temperature Gauge

Applicable Standards

  • NFPA ESE Standards

Key Partners

  • NFPA Technical Committee for Electronic Safety Equipment
  • Fire-Eye
  • MSA
  • Scott Health and Safety
  • UL
  • Virginia Tech


  • First Responders who use PPE that contain embedded electronics
  • All Manufacturers of PPE that contain embedded electronics.
  • NFPA

Project Scope

  • Communicate failure modes and risks associated with the use of programmable electronics and software to provide equipment safety functions.
  • Assimilate best practices recommendations in a 9-part series of guidance documents.
  • Provide support to the NFPA ESE committee in developing safety standards for Electronic design, manufacturing, and performance


  • Completed drafts and internal review of:
    • Part 6: Functional Safety Life Cycle Examples
    • Part 7: Functional Safety by Design (FSD) Examples
    • Part 8: Functional Safety File (FSF) Examples
    • Part 9: Independent Functional Safety Audit (IFSA) Examples


  • A set of documents that define a System Safety Approach for the safe design, manufacture, and use of PPE that contains embedded electronic hardware and software.


  • Improved safety of first responders by having a means to assess and ensure the functional safety performance of PPE.
Page last modified: July 23, 2007
Page last reviewed: July 23, 2007 (archived document)
Content Source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)