In 2005, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) requested that the National Academies (NA) undertake a review of its research portfolio with respect to relevance, impact, and future direction. One of the programs chosen for review was the NIOSH Construction Research Program.
The Construction Research Program was created in 1990 and was organized around a three-pronged structure: NIOSH-wide intramural research and surveillance programs; a large national Construction Center cooperative agreement; and support for investigator-initiated extramural research. The Program has worked closely with industry and labor partners to focus on areas of concern such as injuries and fatalities, occupational illness, and musculoskeletal disorders. The Construction Program has sought to ensure its relevance and impact through:
- A multidisciplinary public health-based approach
- Reliance on injury and illness data as a program driver
- Innovative activities tailored to the unique characteristics of the construction industry
- A collaborative approach to research and prevention via active partnerships
- Innovations in targeted dissemination, diffusion, and other "research-to-practice" efforts.
This report represents the evidence package from NIOSH to the Construction Research Program Evaluation Committee assembled by the National Academies. We hope that it will assist you in determining the Program's relevance and impact.
Chapter One provides an introduction to NIOSH. Chapter Two provides an introduction to the Construction Program, including its history, research goals, funding history and operational logic model. Chapter Three is organized around our four main goals, with each goal section containing from two to six subgoal descriptions. Within each subgoal section, there are up to seven parts:
- Issue - the research need being addressed
- Activities - the research activities undertaken
- Outputs and Transfer- a description of the research outputs (e.g., reports and journal articles) and efforts by the program to transfer the outputs to others
- Intermediate Outcomes - the actions of other groups after they receive the outputs of the research program. Examples include use for standards and adopted by others. Intermediate outcomes lead to end outcomes -- reductions in hazard exposures, injuries, illnesses, or fatalities.
- External Factors - circumstances and conditions outside the program that affect program efforts at various stages.
- What's Ahead - activities that are planned to extend the research and potential outputs and intermediate outcomes that may result.
- Appendix - each section includes an appendix of outputs organized by type.
This document was prepared to assist the Committee, but we expect that the Committee may need the information in other forms to do its work. The Committee may also need information that we have not included here. We hope the Committee will not hesitate to ask for whatever it needs to conduct its business. We are eager to assist you to the best of our abilities. We see this review as an opportunity to learn how to improve the Construction Program through a thorough evaluation by an expert panel. If we can improve the relevance and impact of the Program we will reduce risks, injuries, and illnesses among construction workers in the United States and around the globe.
Frank J. Hearl, P.E.
Chief of Staff, NIOSH
Program Manager, NIOSH Construction Program
Table of Contents
|Executive Summary (76 KB, 13 pages)
|Chapter 1: Introduction to NIOSH (258 KB, 14 pages)
1.2 Legislative Foundations
1.3 Organizational Structure and Management
1.5 Planning and Logic Model
|Chapter 2: NIOSH Construction Program Overview (217 KB, 36 pages)
2.1 Sector Overview
2.2 Program History
2.3 Program Structure, Planning and Resources
2.4 Program Operational Logic Model
Chapter 3: Current Construction Program Research Goals and Sub goals
Goal 1: Reduce the major risks associated with traumatic injuries and fatalities in construction (620 KB, 108 pages)
1.1 Falls from Elevation
1.2 Contact with Electricity
1.3 Struck-by incidents involving vehicles, equipment, and tools
1.4 Confined Spaces and Excavations
1.5 Construction Vehicle Roll-Overs
Goal 2: Reduce exposures to health hazards associated with major risks of occupational illness in construction (1.2 MB, 157 pages)
2.1 Noise exposures and hearing loss
2.2 Lead exposures and various health effects
2.3 Silica exposures and silicosis
2.4 Asphalt fume exposures and various health effects
2.5 Dermal exposures and various skin disorders
2.6 Welding fume exposures and various health effects
Goal 3: Reduce the major risks associated with musculoskeletal disorders in construction (372 KB, 59 pages)
3.1 Disorders associated with awkward postures, lifting and carrying, and stressful hand-wrist conditions
3.2 Disorders associated with excessive exposure to vibration
Goal 4: Increase understanding of construction sector attributes that affect occupational safety and health outcomes (683 KB, 93 pages)
4.1 Use and improve surveillance resources to identify and track construction safety and health risks
4.2 Address special populations of employers and employees within construction (e.g. immigrant workers, youth workers)
4.3 Optimize the role of safety and health in construction training efforts
4.4 Explore promising approaches for addressing construction hazardsM
4.5 Improve diffusion of safety and health research to construction practice
|Chapter 4: Vision for the Future (178 KB, 37 pages)
4.2 Program Objectives
4.3 Anticipated Industry Changes
4.4 Management Approach
4.5 Recommendations from the NORA Construction Sector Council
4.6 Plans for the Decade
|Appendices (146 KB, 27 pages)
NIOSH Construction Program History
Curriculum Vitae / Biographical Sketches of Contributors
National Academies’ Review of the NIOSH Construction Research Program - Lewis V. Wade, Ph.D. (334 KB, 29 pages)
National Academies’ Review of the NIOSH Construction Research Program - Frank J. Hearl, P.E. (532 KB, 29 pages)
National Academies' Review of the NIOSH Construction Research Program: CPWR Construction Center - Erich J. Stafford (933 KB, 36 pages)
National Academies’ Review of the NIOSH Construction Research Program - Goal 1-Reduce the Major Risks Associated with Traumatic Injuries and Fatalities in Construction: An Overview - David E. Fosbroke (3,293 KB, 28 pages)
Construction Research Program - Goal 1 - Reduce Fatal and Nonfatal Injuries: Nail Gun Injuries in Residential Construction - Hester J. Lipscomb, Ph.D. (343 KB, 25 pages)
National Academies’ Review of the NIOSH Construction Research Program - Goal 1.3: Reduce injuries and fatalities due to struck-by incidents involving vehicles, equipment, and tools - David E. Fosbroke (757 KB, 24 pages)
National Academies’ Review of the NIOSH Construction Research Program - Goal 2: Reduce overexposures and illnesses - G. Scott Earnest, Ph.D., P.E., C.S.P. (984 KB, 22 pages)
Special Focus Presentation: Reduce Overexposures to Lead in Construction - Mark Goldberg, Ph.D. (320 KB, 18 pages)
National Academies’ Review of the NIOSH Construction Research Program - SubGoal 2.4: Reduce Asphalt Fume Exposures and Resulting Health Effects - G. Scott Earnest, Ph.D., P.E., C.S.P. (856 KB, 17 pages)
National Academies’ Review of the NIOSH Construction Research Program - Goal 3: Reduce the major risks associated with musculoskeletal disorders in construction - Laura Welch, MD (707 KB, 28 pages)
NA Review of the NIOSH Construction Research Program - Sub-goal 3.2 Reduce Disorders Associated with Excessive Exposures to Vibration - Ren G. Dong, Ph.D. (556 KB, 19 pages)
NA Review of the NIOSH Construction Research Program - Reduction of Musculoskeletal Disorders through Participatory Ergonomics - Laura Welch, MD (455 KB, 22 pages)
National Academies’ Review of the NIOSH Construction Research Program - Goal 4 -Increase Understanding of Construction Sector Attributes and Contributing Factors for Improving Occupational Safety and Health - Janie Gittleman, Ph.D. (737 KB, 21 pages)
National Academies’ Review of the NIOSH Construction Research Program - SubGoal 4.4 Explore promising approaches for addressing construction hazards - Marie Haring Sweeney, Ph.D., M.P.H. (227 KB, 20 pages)
National Academies’ Review of the NIOSH Construction Research Program - Subgoal 4.1 - Use and Improve Surveillance Resources to Identify and Track Construction Safety and Health Risk - Janie Gittleman, Ph.D. (314 KB, 15 pages)
National Academies’ Review of the NIOSH Construction Research Program - Future Directions - Matt Gillen, M.S (168 KB, 15 pages)
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