Sand & Gravel Operator Mining Facts - 2007 (HTML)
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2009–163
In 2007, a total of 7,199 sand and gravel mining operations reported employment data to the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA). 
- Sand and gravel mines were the largest mining sector, comprising 48.4% of all mining operations.
- Sand and gravel mines were found throughout all 50 states and Puerto Rico.
- Within the mining sectors,  sand and gravel mine operator employees accounted for 11.4% of all employee hours reported to MSHA.
|Commodity and Type|
|Sand and Gravel Operator||75.0||78.9||78.1||77.0||75.3||74.8||76.6||78.4||79.6||76.7|
Five work-related fatalities occurred among sand and gravel operator employees in 2007. This compared to six fatalities in 2006.
- The sand and gravel mine operator fatality rate was 15.0 fatalities per 100,000 FTE employees.
- Powered haulage was associated with 60% (n=3) of sand and gravel fatalities.
Nonfatal Lost-time Injuries
There were 657 nonfatal lost-time injuries among sand and gravel operator employees occurring at an overall rate of 2.0 injuries per 100 FTE employees. A total of 30,440 days lost from work  resulted from these injuries.
- The most frequent classifications of nonfatal lost-time injuries for sand and gravel operator employees involved handling materials (n=234; 35.6%) and slip or fall of person (n=170; 25.9%).
- Sprains and strains were the most frequently reported nature of injury (n=241; 36.7%).
- The back was the most frequently reported body part injured (n=124; 18.9%) followed by fingers (n=105; 16.0%). Back injuries represented 10,808 days lost from work; finger injuries represented 2,880 days lost.
|Slip or fall of person||170||25.9|
Mining operations, 2007
|Commodity and Type of Employer||Underground Mining Operations ||Surface Mining Operations ||Total Mining Operations |
|Sand & Gravel Operator||Not applicable||7,199||7,199|
Contracting companies, 2007
|Commodity and Type of Employer||Number of Companies|
Employment characteristics, 2007
|Commodity and Type of Employer||Underground Employees ||Surface Employees ||Total Employees ||Underground FTE Employees ||Surface FTE Employees ||Total FTE Employees |
|Sand & Gravel Operator||Not applicable||45,761||45,761||Not applicable||38,340||38,340|
Mining Occupational Fatalities (per 100,000 FTE employees), 2007
|Commodity and Type of Employer||Underground Fatalities||Underground Fatality Rate||Surface Fatalities||Surface Fatality Rate||Fatalities||Fatality Rate|
|Sand & Gravel Operator||Not applicable||Not applicable||5||15.0||5||15.0|
Nonfatal Lost-time Injuries (per 100 FTE employees), 2007
|Commodity and Type of Employer||Underground Injuries||Underground Injury Rate||Surface Injuries||Surface Injury Rate||Injuries||Injury Rate|
|Sand & Gravel Operator||Not applicable||Not applicable||657||2.0||657||2.0|
Data source: Publicly released data files of employment and accident/injury/illness collected by MSHA under 30 CFR 50.
Notes: All analyses of accident data exclude office employees. Occupational fatalities exclude all cases under 17 years of age. Further statistical methodology is available on the NIOSH Internet. Data in the above tables may not add to totals shown because of independent rounding. Caution should be used when interpreting rates based on a small number of events.
- Mines at which only independent contractors were working did not show any employment and were not counted.
- Average number of employees working at individual mines during calendar quarters of active operations (includes office workers).
- Full-time equivalent employees computed using reported employee hours (2,000 hours = 1 FTE).
- Mining sectors include coal operators, metal operators, nonmetal operators, stone operators, sand and gravel operators, coal contractors, and noncoal contractors.
- Includes actual days away from work and/or days of restricted work activity. For permanently disabling injuries only, statutory days charged by MSHA were used if they exceeded the total lost workdays.
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