Coal Mining Disasters: 1839 to Present
Note: Click on the column headings to sort ascending/descending or use the search box to narrow results by keyword or term.
* More fatalities are shown than listed in the MSHA database due to the inclusion of federal inspector fatalities that are part of OSHA records.
** Subsequent incident occurred 8/16/2007 during the rescue efforts that claimed the lives of three rescue workers (including one MSHA employee).
Information for historical mine disasters was obtained from the following publications:
- Bureau of Mines Bulletin 509, Injury Experience in Coal Mining, 1948
- Bureau of Mines Bulletin 616, Historical Documentation of Major Coal-Mine Disasters in the United States Not Classified as Explosions of Gas or Dust: 1846-1962
- Bureau of Mines Bulletin 586; Historical Summary of Coal-Mine Explosions in the United States, 1810-1958
- Bureau of Mines I.C. 7493, Major Disasters at Metal and Nonmetal Mines and Quarries in the United States (Excluding Coal Mines)
- Historical Summary of Mine Disasters in the United States, Volume I, Coal Mines, 1810-1958 (MSHA)
- Historical Summary of Mine Disasters in the United States, Volume II, Coal Mines, 1959-1998 (MSHA)
- Historical Summary of Mine Disasters in the United States, Volume III, Metal and Nonmetal Mines, 1885-1998 (MSHA)
- Mine Disasters, OT 32, 2000 (MSHA)
- 1998-present, MSHA Fatalgrams and Fatality Reports
- Newspaper article citations from the archives at the National Mine Health and Safety Academy Library, Beckley, West Virginia (Historical Mining Disasters by Jane DeMarchi)
- Historical Data on Mine Disasters in the United States
Historical accident reports are available in the library archives at the National Mine Health & Safety Academy in Beckley, West Virginia. Please contact the MSHA Academy at 304-256-3266 or MSHAlibrary@dol.gov to check on the availability of a particular report. Visit MSHA's Home Page for recent mine accident reports.
- All Mining Disasters: 1839 to Present
- A Centennial of Mine Explosion Prevention Research
- Data & Statistics
- Determining the Root Causes of Flame Cutting and Welding Fires in Underground U.S. Coal Mines
- Development of a Severe Injury Surveillance System for Hazard Identification and Guiding Technological Interventions
- The Effects of Disaster on Workers: A Study of Burnout in Investigators of Serious Accidents and Fatalities in the U.S. Mining Industry
- A Global Inventory of Mine Rescue Training Facilities: Compendium of Ideas to Improve U.S. Coal Mine Rescue Training
- Historical Mine Disasters
- Metal/Nonmetal Mining Disasters: 1869 to Present
- Refuge Chambers
- A Review of Recent Accidents Involving Explosives Transport
- Roof and Rib Fall Incident Trends: a 10-Year Profile
- Underground Coal Mining Disasters and Fatalities: United States, 1900-2006
- Page last reviewed: 1/8/2016
- Page last updated: 1/3/2013
- Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Mining Program