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Statistics: Coal Operators

Introduction

The following maps, graphs, and tables represent data for Coal Mine Operators. The information is organized by Mines, Employees, Fatalities, and Injuries. The Mines section contains information on the number and location of the mining operations. The Employees section details the number of employees and the number of employee hours. The Fatalities section describes the number and rate of fatalities, the number and rate by work locations, and the number of fatalities by accident class. The Injuries section presents the number and rate of nonfatal lost-time injuries, the number and rate by work locations, and the number of injuries by accident class. Data source: Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA). See Statistical Methodology for further details. Additional Mining Facts for each commodity are available from 2000 through 2014.

Mines

thumbnailLocations of Active Coal Mining Operations, 2014: United States map displaying the locations of active coal mining operations spotted randomly within counties in 2014. Active mines are mining operations that reported mine operator employment during the year. There were 1,632 coal mines. Mines at which only contractors were working did not show any employment and are not displayed.

 

thumbnailNumber of Active Coal Mines by Year, 2005-2014: Graph displaying the number of active mines for a 10-year period from 2005 through 2014. Active mines are those mines that reported any mine operator employee hours during the year. There were 1,632 coal mines in 2014. This was the lowest number over the 10-year period. The highest number of mines was 2,129 in 2008.

 

thumbnailLocations of Active Underground Coal Mining Operations, 2014: United States map displaying the locations of active underground coal mining operations spotted randomly within counties in 2014. Active mines are mining operations that reported mine operator employment during the year. There were 447 underground coal mines. Mines at which only contractors were working did not show any employment and are not displayed.

 

thumbnailLocations of Active Surface Coal Mining Operations, 2014: United States map displaying the locations of active surface coal mining operations spotted randomly within counties in 2014. Active mines are mining operations that reported mine operator employment during the year. There were 1,185 surface coal mines. Mines at which only contractors were working did not show any employment and are not displayed.

 

Employees

thumbnailCoal Mine Operator Employees, 2014: Map of the United States displaying employment density by county of the 77,462 coal mine operator employees in 2014. A graduated color ramp is used to symbolize densities of less than 25 employees, 25 to 49 employees, 50 to 199 employees, 200 to 499 employees, and 500 or more employees.

 

thumbnailNumber of Employee Hours Reported by Coal Mine Operators, 2005-2014: Graph displaying the number of coal mine operator employee hours reported from 2005 through 2014. The employee hours increased over the period from 181.3 million in 2005 to 215.2 million in 2011, before decreasing to 171.7 in 2014.

 

thumbnailNumber of Underground Employee Hours Reported by Coal Mine Operators, 2005-2014: Graph displaying the number of underground coal mine operator employee hours reported from 2005 through 2014. The employee hours increased over the period from 80.9 million in 2005 to 105.3 million hours in 2011. The hours then declined to 87.2 million in 2014.

 

thumbnailNumber of Surface Employee Hours Reported by Coal Mine Operators, 2005-2014: Graph displaying the number of surface coal mine operator employee hours reported from 2005 through 2014. The employee hours increased over the period from 100.4  million in 2005 to a high of 109.9 million hours in 2011. The employee hours then declined to a low of 84.4 million in 2014.

 

Fatalities

thumbnailNumber and Rate of Coal Operator Occupational Mining Fatalities by Year, 2005-2014: Graph displaying the number and rate of occupational mining fatalities, excluding office employees, from 2005 through 2014. Full-time equivalent (FTE) employees are based on 2,000 employee hours worked per year. The numbers and rates vary by year with the highest rate of fatalities occurring in 2006 when there were 46.2 fatalities per 100,000 FTEs. The highest number of fatalities was 44 in 2010. The fatality rate was the lowest in 2009 with 10.7 fatalities per 100,000 FTEs with 10 fatalities occurring.

 

thumbnailNumber and Rate of Occupational Mining Fatalities for Coal Operators at Underground Work Locations by Year, 2005-2014: Graph displaying the number and rate of occupational mining fatalities, excluding office employees, from 2005 through 2014. Full-time equivalent (FTE) employees are based on 2,000 employee hours worked per year. The numbers and rates vary by year with the highest rates of fatalities occurring in 2006 and 2010 when there were 84.5 and 84.4 fatalities, respectively, per 100,000 FTEs. The highest number of fatalities was 40 in 2010. The lowest number was 6 fatalities in 2009 occurring at a rate of 13.3 fatalities per 100,000 FTEs.

 

thumbnailOccupational Mining Fatalities for Coal Operators at Surface Work Locations by Year, 2005-2014: Graph displaying the number of occupational mining fatalities, excluding office employees, from 2005 through 2014. Rates are not computed when there are a small number of events. The number of fatalities has varied with the highest number of fatalities over the period occurring in  2007 when 10 fatalities were reported. There lowest number of fatalities occurred in both 2005 and 2014 when 3 fatalities occurred.

 

Injuries

thumbnailNonfatal Lost-time Injuries, 2014 (Coal Mine Operators and Independent Contractors): Map of the United States displaying nonfatal lost-time injury density by county for 2,296 coal mine operator and contractor injuries during 2014. Office workers are excluded. A graduated color ramp is used to symbolize densities of zero injuries, 1 thru 9, 10 thru 29, 30 thru 49, and 50 or more injuries. 

 

thumbnailNumber and Rate of Coal Mining Operator Nonfatal Lost-time Injuries at Underground Work Locations by Year, 2005-2014: Chart displaying the number and rate of coal mining operator nonfatal lost-time injuries at underground work locations, excluding office employees, from 2005 through 2014. Full-time equivalent (FTE) employees are based on 2,000 employee hours worked per year. The rate has declined steadily over the period from 5.5 per 100 FTEs in 2005  to 3.4 and 3.5 per 100 FTEs in 2013 and 2014, respectively. The number of injuries has also declined from 2,234 to 1,532 over the period. 

 

thumbnailCoal Operator Nonfatal Lost-time Injuries by Accident Class for Underground Mining Locations, 2010-2014: Pie chart displaying the distribution of nonfatal lost-time injuries for coal operators by accident class at underground mining locations for the period from 2010 through 2014. Excluding office employees, there were a total of 8,540 lost-time injuries. "Handling materials" had 33.4%, "Slip or fall of person" had 19.5%, and "Fall of ground (from in place)" had 13.9% of the nonfatal lost-time injuries. Note that "Fall of ground (from in place)" includes MSHA’s Accident/Injury/Illness Classifications for “Fall of face, rib, pillar, side, or highwall from in place” and “Fall of roof, back, or brow from in place.” Nonfatal injury cases classified under machinery were reclassified as a fall of ground (from in place) if the source of the injury was caving rock, ore, etc. This reclassification is consistent with how MSHA classifies similar incidents which resulted in a fatal injury. "Machinery" accounted for 10.5% and "Powered haulage" had 10.1% of the nonfatal lost-time injuries. "Hand tools" had 5.8% and the "All other" category was 6.9% of the nonfatal lost-time injuries during the 5-year period. Note that the sum of percentages may not equal 100 due to independent rounding.

 

thumbnailNumber and Rate of Coal Mining Operator Nonfatal Lost-time Injuries at Surface Work Locations by Year, 2005-2014: Chart displaying the number and rate of coal mining operator nonfatal lost-time injuries at surface work locations, excluding office employees, from 2005 through 2014. Full-time equivalent (FTE) employees are based on 2,000 employee hours worked per year. The rate has declined over the period from 1.8 per 100 FTEs in 2005 to 1.3 injuries per 100 FTEs each year from 2011-2014. The number of injuries has also declined from 828 to 527 over the 10-year period. 

 

thumbnailCoal Operator Nonfatal Lost-time Injuries by Accident Class for Surface Mining Locations, 2010-2014: Pie chart displaying the distribution of nonfatal lost-time injuries for coal operators by accident class at surface mining locations for the period from 2010 through 2014. Excluding office employees, there were a total of 3,035 lost-time injuries. "Slip or fall of person" had 37.7%, and "Handling materials" had 27.6% of the nonfatal lost-time injuries. "Powered haulage" had 12.1% of the nonfatal lost-time injuries and "Machinery" accounted for 9.0%. Nonfatal injury cases classified under machinery were reclassified as a fall of ground (from in place) if the source of the injury was caving rock, ore, etc. This reclassification is consistent with how MSHA classifies similar incidents which resulted in a fatal injury. "Hand tools" had 7.0% and the "All other" category was 6.6% of the nonfatal lost-time injuries during the 5-year period. Note that the sum of percentages may not equal 100 due to independent rounding.

 

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