Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

Statistics: All Mining

Introduction

The following maps, graphs, and tables represent data for All Mining. The information is organized by Mines, Employees, Fatalities, and Injuries. The Mines section contains information on the number and location of the mining operations. The Employees section details the number of employees and the number of employee hours. The Fatalities section describes the number and rate of fatalities, the number and rate by work locations, and the number of fatalities by accident class. The Injuries section presents the number and rate of nonfatal lost-time injuries, the number and rate by work locations, and the number of injuries by accident class. Data source: Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA). See Statistical Methodology for further details. Additional Mining Facts for each commodity are available from 2000 through 2013.

Mines

Active Mining Operations by Commodity, 2013: United States map displaying symbols spotted randomly within counties for the locations of active mining operations by commodity. In 2013, there were a total of 13,604 mining operations that reported mine operator employment. Overall, there were 14,478 mines in 2004 and 13,759 mines in 2013. The commodity breakdown was 1,700 coal, 349 metal, 882 nonmetal, 4,362 stone, and 6,466 sand & gravel mines. Mines at which only contractors were working did not show any employment and are not displayed.

 

Number of Active Mines by Sector and Year, 2004-2013: Graph displaying the number of active mines by sector for a 10-year period. Active mines are those mines that reported any mine operator employee hours during the year. Overall, there were 14,478 mines in 2004 and 13,759 mines in 2013. The commodity breakdown was 1,700 coal, 349 metal, 882 nonmetal, 4,362 stone, and 6,466 sand & gravel mines. Note that changes in 2013 in the Standard Industrial Classification of sand & gravel resulted in 261 mines being assigned to the nonmetal rather than the sand & gravel sector.

 

Locations of Active Underground Mining Operations, 2013: United States map displaying the locations of 759 active underground mining operations spotted randomly within counties. Active mines are those that report any operator employment during the year. Mines at which only contractors were working did not show any employment and are not displayed.

 

Locations of Active Surface Mining Operations, 2013: United States map displaying the locations of 13,000 active surface mining operations spotted randomly within counties. Active mines are those that report operator employment during the year. Mines at which only contractors were working did not show any employment and are not displayed.

 

Employees

Mine Operator Employees, 2013: United States map displaying employment density by county of the 253,161 mine operator employees in 2013. A graduated color ramp is used to symbolize densities of less than 25 employees, 25 to 49 employees, 50 to 199 employees, 200 to 499 employees, and 500 or more employees.

 

Number of Employee Hours Reported by Mine Operators and Independent Contractors by Sector and Year, 2004-2013: Graph displaying the number of employee hours for mine operator and independent contractors by mining sector over a 10-year period from 2004 through 2013. Over the period, coal operators had the most number of employee hours with a high of 215.2 million hours reported for 2011. The next highest sector was stone operators with hours varying from a high of 170.8 in 2006 to a low of 125.3 million hours in 2013. Over the period, metal operator employment increased from 59.5 to 95.0 million hours. Sand & gravel operator employee hours declined from a high of 79.6 in 2006 to a low of 51.7 in 2013. Employee hours for nonmetal operators varied between 40.8 in 2009 to 50.1 million in 2013. Note that the increase in 2013 was most likely due to the new Standard Industrial Classification for “sand, industrial; ground silica/quartz” MSHA assigned to the nonmetal rather than the sand & gravel sector. Sand & gravel operators decreased over the period from a high of 79.6 in 2006 to a low of 51.7 million hours in 2013. Employment for coal contractors varied from 38.5 to 54.3 million, while noncoal contractors showed an increase over the period from 46.8 to 86.1 million hours.

 

Mine Operator Employees by Sector, 2013: Pie chart displaying the number and percentages of mine operator employees in 2013 by sector. Coal had 83,005 employees (32.8%), followed by stone with 65,161 (25.7%), metal with 45,725 (18.1%), sand & gravel with 34,107 (13.5%), and nonmetal with 25,163 employees (9.9%).

 

Mine Operator Employees, 2013 (Underground Work Locations): United States map displaying employment density by county for the 52,264 mine operator employees working at underground locations in 2013. A graduated color ramp is used to symbolize densities of less than 25 employees, 25 to 49 employees, 50 to 199 employees, 200 to 499 employees, and 500 or more employees.

 

Number of Underground Employee Hours Reported by Mine Operators and Independent Contractors by Sector and Year, 2004-2013: Graph displaying the number of underground employee hours reported by sector from 2004 through 2013. Coal operators had the most number of employee hours over the period varying from 73.5 million hours in 2004, to a high of 105.3 in 2011, and then a decline to 92.0 in 2013. From 2004 through 2013, metal operator employee hours increased from 7.6 to 14.0 million and nonmetal operators increased from 4.9 to 5.6 million. Stone operators ranged from a low of 3.6 million hours in 2009 to 4.3 in 2005 and 2006. Employment for coal contractors was the lowest in 2004 with 4.7 million hours reported, and the highest in 2011 when there were 8.8 million hours. The noncoal contractors varied over the period from 1.8 to 5.3 million hours.

 

Mine Operator Employees, 2013 (Surface Work Locations): United States map displaying employment density by county for the 200,897 mine operator employees working at surface work locations in 2013. A graduated color ramp is used to symbolize densities of less than 25 employees, 25 to 49 employees, 50 to 199 employees, 200 to 499 employees, and 500 or more employees.

 

Number of Surface Employee Hours Reported by Mine Operators and Independent Contractors by Sector and Year, 2004-2013: Graph displaying the number of surface employee hours reported by mine operators and independent contractors by sector for 2004 through 2013. Stone operators had the most number of employee hours over the period with a high of 166.5 million reported for 2006, decreasing to 121.5 million hours in 2013. Coal operator employee hours in 2004 were 93.0 million and climbed to a high of 109.9 in 2011 before declining to 89.7 million hours in 2013. Metal operator employee hours increased from 51.9 in 2004 to 81.0 million in 2013. During the period, nonmetal operators ranged from a low of 35.8 in 2009 to 44.5 million hours in 2013. Employment for coal contractors ranged from 33.8 in 2004 to a high of 45.5 million hours in 2011. Noncoal contractors showed an increase over the period from 45.0 to 81.6 million hours.

 

Fatalities

Occupational Mining Fatalities by Commodity, 2013Occupational Mining Fatalities by Canvass, 2013: United States map displaying occupational mining fatalities spotted randomly within counties. Mining fatalities reported in 2013 include 20 coal, 5 metal, 3 nonmetal, 12 stone, and 1 sand and gravel. The canvass class includes mine operators and independent contractors. Office employees are excluded.

 

Number and Rate of Occupational Mining Fatalities by Year, 2004-2013: Graph displaying the number and rate of occupational mining fatalities, excluding office employees, from 2004 through 2013. Full-time equivalent (FTE) employees are based on 2,000 employee hours worked per year. The numbers and rates vary by year with the highest rate of fatalities occurring in 2010 when 70 fatalities occurred at a rate of 25.4 fatalities per 100,000 FTEs. The fatality rate was the lowest in 2012 with 11.7 fatalities per 100,000 FTEs.

 

Number and Rate of Occupational Mining Fatalities by Operator and Independent Contractor by Year, 2004-2013: Graph displaying the number and rate of occupational mining fatalities, excluding office employees, from 2004 through 2013. Full-time equivalent (FTE) employees are based on 2,000 employee hours worked per year. The numbers and rates vary by year with the highest rate of fatalities occurring in 2010 when mine operators had 57 fatalities occurring at a rate of 25.5 fatalities per 100,000 FTEs. The mine operator fatality rate was the lowest in 2009 (n=21) with 9.9 fatalities per 100,000 FTEs. The highest number of independent contractors fatalities was 18 during 2007 with a rate of 31.3 per 100,000 FTEs.

 

Number of Fatalities and Fatality Rate (5-year aggregates) in the Mining Industry by Commodity, 1911-2010: Chart displaying the number of fatalities and fatality rates in 5-year aggregates in the mining industry by coal and noncoal from 1911 through 2010, excluding office employees. Noncoal includes metal, nonmetal, stone, and sand and gravel operations. Sand and gravel miners were included starting in 1958. Full-time equivalent (FTE) employees are based on 2,000 employee hours worked per year. The fatality rate is based on 100,000 full time equivalent employees. The coal fatality rate shows a rapid decline in fatalities after the passage of the Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act of 1969. The Federal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977 consolidated federal mine regulations for coal and metal/nonmetal under MSHA. The Mine Improvement and New Emergency Response Act of 2006 (MINER Act) amended the Federal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977.

 

Number and Rate of Occupational Mining Fatalities at Underground Work Locations by Year, 2004-2013: Graph displaying the number and rate of occupational mining fatalities, excluding office employees, from 2004 through 2013. Full-time equivalent (FTE) employees are based on 2,000 employee hours worked per year. The numbers and rates vary by year with the highest rate of fatalities occurring in 2010 when 46 occurred at a rate of 73.9 fatalities per 100,000 FTEs. The fatality rate was the lowest in 2009 when there were only 9 fatalities occurring at a rate of 15.4 per 100,000 FTEs.

 

Occupational Fatalities by Accident Class at Underground Mining Locations, 2009-2013: Pie chart displaying the distribution of occupational fatalities by accident class for underground mining locations for the period 2009 through 2013. Excluding office employees, there were 104 underground fatalities. The largest category during the period was "Ignition/explosion of gas or dust" with 27.9% of the underground fatalities. "Fall of ground (from in place)" which includes MSHA’s Accident/Injury/Illness Classifications for “Fall of face, rib, pillar, side, or highwall from in place” and “Fall of roof, back, or brow from in place,” accounted for 25.0%. "Powered haulage" caused 22.1%, "Machinery" caused 7.7%, and the "All other" category comprised 17.3% of the underground fatalities.

 

Number and Rate of Occupational Mining Fatalities at Surface Work Locations by Year, 2004-2013: Pie chart displaying the distribution of occupational fatalities by accident class for underground mining locations for the period 2009 through 2013. Excluding office employees, there were 104 underground fatalities. The largest category during the period was "Ignition/explosion of gas or dust" with 27.9% of the underground fatalities. "Fall of ground (from in place)" which includes MSHA’s Accident/Injury/Illness Classifications for “Fall of face, rib, pillar, side, or highwall from in place” and “Fall of roof, back, or brow from in place,” accounted for 25.0%. "Powered haulage" caused 22.1%, "Machinery" caused 7.7%, and the "All other" category comprised 17.3% of the underground fatalities.

 

Occupational Fatalities by Accident Class at Surface Mining Locations, 2009-2013: Pie chart displaying the distribution of occupational fatalities by accident class for surface mining locations for the period 2009 through 2013. Excluding office employees, there were a total of 113 surface fatalities. "Powered haulage" had 31.9% of the fatalities and "Machinery" accounted for 23.9%. "Falling, rolling, or sliding rock or material" had 12.4% and "Slip or fall of person" had 11.5% of the surface mining fatalities. The "All other" category accounted for 20.4% of the surface fatalities.

 

Injuries

Nonfatal Lost-time Injuries, 2013 (Mine Operators and Independent and Independent Contractors): Map of the United States displaying nonfatal lost-time injury density by county for mine operator and contractor injuries during 2013. Office workers are excluded. A graduated color ramp is used to symbolize densities of zero injuries, 1 thru 9, 10 thru 29, 30 thru 49, and 50 or more injuries.

 

Number and Rate of Mining Nonfatal Lost-time Injuries by Year, 2004-2013: Chart displaying the number and rate of mining nonfatal lost-time injuries, excluding office employees, from 2004 through 2013. Full-time equivalent (FTE) employees are based on 2,000 employee hours worked per year. The rate has declined steadily over the period from 3.0 per 100 FTEs in 2004 to 1.8 FTE is 2013. The number of injuries has also declined from 8,139 to 5,258 over the period. The largest change was from 2008 to 2009 when the number of injuries decreased by 19.1 percent.

 

Number and Rate of Mining Nonfatal Lost-time Injuries by Operator and Independent Contractor by Year, 2004-2013: Chart displaying the number and rate of mining nonfatal lost-time injuries, excluding office employees, by mine operators and independent contractors by year from 2004 through 2013. Full-time equivalent (FTE) employees equal 2,000 hours worked per year. The injury numbers and rates for both operators and contractors have declined over the period. There were 7,302 nonfatal lost-time injuries in 2004 for operators with an injury rate of 3.2 per 100 FTEs. By 2013, the operator injuries had decreased to 4,643 with a rate of 2.0 per 100 FTEs. The number of independent contractors injuries was the highest in 2006 with 1,009 injuries, and the lowest year was 614 injuries in 2010. The rates for contractors declined from 2.1 in 2004 to 1.0 per 100 FTEs in 2013. The number of injuries for contractors has varied from a high of 1,009 in 2006, to a low of 614 in 2010.

 

Number and Rate of Mining Nonfatal Lost-time Injuries at Underground Work Locations by Year, 2004-2013: Chart displaying the number of mining nonfatal lost-time injuries, excluding office employees, at underground work locations from 2004 through 2013. Rates are based on full-time equivalent (FTE) employees which equal 2,000 hours worked per year. The nonfatal lost-time injury rate has declined over the period from 5.7 to 3.1 per 100 FTEs. In 2004, the number of nonfatal lost-time injuries was 2,753, declining to 1,948 nonfatal lost-time injuries reported in 2013.

 

Rate of Nonfatal Lost-time Injuries at Underground Work Locations by Mining Sector, 2004-2013: Graph displaying the rate of nonfatal lost-time injuries per 100 full-time equivalent employees at underground work locations by mining sector from 2004 through 2013. Note that a full-time equivalent employee (FTE) is computed using 2,000 hours worked to equal 1 FTE. Data are displayed for coal operators, metal operators, nonmetal operators, stone operators, coal contractors and noncoal contractors. With the exception of coal operators and coal contractors, the rates have not shown too much variation and have ranged from a high of 4.1 to a low of 1.6 injuries per 100 FTEs. Coal contractors had the highest lost-time injury rates in 2003 with a rate of 9.5, but declined over the period to a low of 3.5 injuries per 100 FTE employees in 2012. The coal operator injury rate also decreased from 6.8 in 2003 to 3.4 injuries per 100 FTEs in 2012.

 

Nonfatal Lost-time Injuries by Accident Class for Underground Mining Locations, 2009-2013: Graph displaying the rate of nonfatal lost-time injuries per 100 full-time equivalent employees at underground work locations by mining sector from 2004 through 2013. Note that a full-time equivalent employee (FTE) is computed using 2,000 hours worked to equal 1 FTE. Data are displayed for coal operators, metal operators, nonmetal operators, stone operators, coal contractors, and noncoal contractors. The rates for coal contractors were the highest of the sectors in 5 out of the 10 years, varying from a high of 7.8 in 2004 to a low of 2.9 injuries per 100 FTEs in 2013. Coal operators were the sector with the second highest rates varying from a high of 6.2 in 2004 to a low of 3.4 in 2012 and 2013. Noncoal contractors ended the period with the lowest rate of 1.6 per 100 FTE in 2013.

 

Number and Rate of Mining Nonfatal Lost-time Injuries at Surface Work Locations by Year, 2004-2013: Chart displaying the number of mining nonfatal lost-time injuries, excluding office employees, at surface work locations from 2004 through 2013. Rates are based on full-time equivalent (FTE) employees which equal 2,000 hours worked per year. The nonfatal lost-time injury rate has declined over the period from 2.4 to 1.5 per 100 FTEs. During the period, the highest number of nonfatal lost-time injuries occurred in 2005 when 5,538 were reported. The injuries continued to decline to a low of 3,310 being reported in 2013.

 

Rate of Nonfatal Lost-time Injuries at Surface Work Locations by Mining Sector, 2004-2013: Graph displaying the rate of nonfatal lost-time injuries per 100 full-time equivalent employees at surface work locations by mining sector from 2004 through 2013. Note that a full-time equivalent employee (FTE) is computed using 2,000 hours worked to equal 1 FTE. Data are displayed for coal operators, metal operators, nonmetal operators, stone operators, sand & gravel operators, coal contractors and noncoal contractors. Stone operators had the highest rates during the period from a high of 3.2 in 2004, declining to a low of 1.9 injuries per 100 FTE employees in 2013. Noncoal contractor rates were the lowest over the period varying from 1.6 to 0.8 injuries per 100 FTE employees.

 

Lost-time Injuries by Accident Class for Surface Mining Locations, 2009-2013: Pie chart displaying the distribution of nonfatal lost-time injuries by accident class for surface mining locations for the period from 2009 through 2013. Excluding office employees, there were a total of 17,084 lost-time injuries. "Handling materials" had 35.3%, "Slip or fall of person" had 29.4%, and "Hand tools" accounted for 9.9% of the nonfatal lost-time injuries. "Machinery" accounted as 8.9% of the nonfatal lost-time injury cases. Note that cases classified under machinery were reclassified as a fall of ground (from in place) if the source of the injury was caving rock, ore, etc. This reclassification is consistent with how MSHA classifies similar incidents which resulted in a fatal injury. "Powered haulage" had 8.5% and the "All other" category was 7.9% of the nonfatal lost-time injuries during the 5-year period.

 

TOP