International Chemical Safety Cards

SODIUM HYDROGENSULFIDE ICSC: 1710
World Health Organization (WHO) International Labour Organization (ILO) United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) European Commission National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Sodium sulhydrate
Sodium bisulfide
Sodium mercaptan
Sodium mercaptide
Sodium hydrosulfide
NaHS
Molecular mass: 56,1
ICSC #    1710
CAS #     16721-80-5
RTECS # WE1900000
UN #        See Notes
April 09, 2008 Validated
TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames.
Water spray, foam, powder, carbon dioxide .
EXPLOSION

In case of fire: cool drums, etc., by spraying with water but avoid contact of the substance with water.
EXPOSURE
AVOID ALL CONTACT!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
 •INHALATION Sore throat. Burning sensation. Shortness of breath. Laboured breathing. Unconsciousness.
Local exhaust or breathing protection.
Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer immediately for medical attention.
 •SKIN Redness. Pain. Skin burns.
Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer immediately for medical attention.
 •EYES Redness. Pain. Burns
Safety goggles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
Rinse with plenty of water (remove contact lenses if easily possible). Refer immediately for medical attention.
 •INGESTION Sore throat. Burns in mouth and throat. Abdominal pain. Vomiting. Shock or collapse.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Rinse mouth. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer immediately for medical attention.
SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
Personal protection: particulate filter respirator adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance and filter respirator for inorganic gases and vapours adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Sweep spilled substance into plastic containers then remove to safe place.
Fireproof. Dry. Keep in a well-ventilated room. Separate from acids and strong oxidants.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Signal: Danger
Corr-Skull
Fatal if swallowed
Toxic in contact with skin
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage
May cause respiratory irritation
SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
ICSC: 1710 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

International Chemical Safety Cards

SODIUM HYDROGENSULFIDE ICSC: 1710
I

M

P

O

R

T

A

N

T


D

A

T

A
PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
WHITE HYGROSCOPIC CRYSTALS , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:


CHEMICAL DANGERS:
The solution in water is a strong base, it reacts violently with acid and is corrosive. The substance decomposes on heating producing sulfur oxides . The substance decomposes on contact with water producing hydrogen sulfide . Attacks metal. Reacts with strong oxidants to produce sulfur oxides (See ICSC 0165) .

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV not established.
MAK not established.


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
Serious local effects by all routes of exposure. at 96mg/kg; 150 mg/kg; 200 mg/kg. Dermal LD50 mouse 200 mg/kg. Corrosive so no route selected.

INHALATION RISK:
Evaporation at 20C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly when dispersed.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance is corrosive to the eyes , the skin and the respiratory tract. Inhalation may cause lung oedema (see Notes). Corrosive on ingestion. The substance hydrolyses rapidly on exposure to moisture releasing H2S : see also ICSC 0165

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES
Melting point: 350C
Decomposes
Density: 1.8 g /cm
Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 20C: 50-60
(good)
Vapour pressure, Pa at C: negligible
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -3.5
ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA

N O T E S
CAS No for sodium hydrogensulfide hydrate is 207683-19-0. UN 2318 refers to SODIUM HYDROSULFIDE with less than 25% water of crystallization; Hazard Class 4.2, Packing Group II. UN 2949 refers to SODIUM HYDROSULFIDE, hydrated with not less than 25% water of crystallization; Hazard Class 8 (corrosive), Packing Group II . Immediate administration of an appropriate inhalation therapy by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered.
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)- 80S2949 or 80GC6-II+III for UN 2949; 42GS4-II+III for UN 2318
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


ICSC: 1710 SODIUM HYDROGENSULFIDE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.