International Chemical Safety Cards

AMMONIUM PICRATE ICSC: 1631
World Health Organization (WHO) International Labour Organization (ILO) United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) European Commission National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Phenol, 2,4,6-trinitro-,ammonium salt
Ammonium carbazoate
NH4C6H2N3O7
Molecular mass: 246.14
Explosive placard ICSC #    1631
CAS #     131-74-8
UN #        0004
EC #         609-010-00-5
April 19, 2007 Validated
TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire. Many reactions may cause fire or explosion. See notes
NO open flames.
Water in large amounts, water spray. Powder, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Risk of explosion on shock or friction and on contact with reducing agents
Do NOT expose to friction or shock.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST!

 •INHALATION Burning sensation. Cough. See Ingestion.
Ventilation (not if powder), local exhaust, or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest.
 •SKIN Redness. Roughness.
Protective gloves.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.
 •EYES Redness. Pain. Blurred vision.
Safety goggles .
First rinse with plenty of water (remove contact lenses if easily possible). Refer for medical attention.
 •INGESTION Abdominal pain. Diarrhoea. Headache. Dizziness. Nausea. Vomiting. Weakness. Red urine.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Rinse mouth. Give one or two glasses of water to drink.
SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
Consult an expert! Evacuate danger area! Personal protection: particulate filter adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment.
Separated from incompatible materials See Chemical Dangers. Store in an area without drain or sewer access.

R: 3-23/24/25
S: 1/2-28-35-37-45
UN Hazard Class: 1
Signal: Danger
Expl-Excl mark
Explosive; mass explosion hazard
Causes serious eye irritation
Harmful to aquatic life
SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
ICSC: 1631 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

International Chemical Safety Cards

AMMONIUM PICRATE ICSC: 1631
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PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
RED OR YELLOW CRYSTALS .

PHYSICAL DANGERS:


CHEMICAL DANGERS:
May decompose explosively on shock, friction, or concussion. May explode on heating. On combustion, forms toxic gases including nitrogen oxides. Reacts violently with metals and reducing agents causing fire and explosion hazard. Reacts with concrete and plaster to produce salts of picric acid, more sensitive to shock than ammonium picrate.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV not established.
MAK not established.


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
A harmful concentration of airborne particles can be reached quickly when dispersed.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance is irritating to the skin and the eyes. The substance may cause effects on the blood, resulting in destruction of blood cells and acidosis. o acid picric

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
Repeated or prolonged contact with skin may cause dermatitis.
PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES
Melting point (decomposes): 265C
Density: 1.72
g/cm
Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 20C: 1.1
.
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -1.4
ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA
Environmental Hazard placard The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms.
N O T E S
For safety transportation, 10-20% water is usually added. In normal conditions: combustible; if oxidized may become explosive. Other UN number is 1310, with not less than 10% water by mass, hazard class 4.1, packing group I+II.
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-10G1.1
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


ICSC: 1631 AMMONIUM PICRATE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.