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PENTAERYTHRITOL TETRANITRATE

ICSC: 1576

2,2-Bis(hydroxymethyl)-1,3-propanedioltetranitrate
PETN
Pentaerythrite-tetranitrate
C5H8N4O12 / C(CH2ONO2)4
Molecular mass: 316.1
ICSC #    1576
CAS #     78-11-5
RTECS # RZ2620000
UN #        0411 (desensitized)
EC #         603-035-00-5
April 19, 2005 Validated

TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE

ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS

PREVENTION

FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING

FIRE Explosive. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking.
In case of fire in the surroundings: use appropriate extinguishing media.
EXPLOSION Risk of fire and explosion.
Do NOT expose to friction or shock. Prevent deposition of dust; closed system, dust explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting.
Combat fire from a sheltered position.
EXPOSURE


 •INHALATION Dizziness. Headache.
Ventilation (not if powder), local exhaust, or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.
 •SKIN
Protective gloves.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.
 •EYES Redness.
Safety goggles, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION Dizziness. Headache.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention.

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL

STORAGE

PACKAGING & LABELLING

Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: P2 filter respirator for harmful particles. Remove all ignition sources. Cover the spilled material with water. Carefully collect remainder, then remove to safe place. Do NOT wash away into sewer.
Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants. Store in an area without drain or sewer access.

E symbol
R: 3
S: 2-35
UN Hazard Class: 1.1D
ICSC: 1576 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

PENTAERYTHRITOL TETRANITRATE

ICSC: 1576

I

M

P

O

R

T

A

N

T


D

A

T

A

PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS TO WHITE CRYSTALS OR POWDER

PHYSICAL DANGERS:


CHEMICAL DANGERS:
Heating may cause violent combustion or explosion. May decompose explosively on shock, friction, or concussion.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV not established.
MAK not established.


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
A harmful concentration of airborne particles can be reached quickly when dispersed.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance may cause effects on the cardiovascular system , resulting in lowering of blood pressure. Medical observation is indicated.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:

PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES

Decomposes below boiling point
Melting point: 138°C
Density: 1.77
g/cm3
Solubility in water: none
Vapour pressure, Pa at 25°C: negligible
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 1.6

ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA


N O T E S

Other UN number is 150 PETN wetted with not less than 25% of water, hazard class 1.1D. The desensitized substance contains not less than 15% phlegmatizer.
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-10G1.1

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION



ICSC: 1576 PENTAERYTHRITOL TETRANITRATE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.
 
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