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SUCCINONITRILE

ICSC: 1497

Butanedinitrile
Succinic acid dinitrile
Ethylene cyanide
Ethylene dicyanide
Dicyanoethane
C4H4N2 / CNCH2CH2CN
Molecular mass: 80.1
ICSC #    1497
CAS #     110-61-2
RTECS # WN3850000
UN #        3276
April 21, 2004 Validated

TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE

ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS

PREVENTION

FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING

FIRE Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames.
Powder, alcohol-resistant foam, water spray, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION


EXPOSURE
PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST!

 •INHALATION Cough. Sore throat. Dizziness. Headache. Nausea. Convulsions.
Local exhaust or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention. See Notes.
 •SKIN Redness. Pain.
Protective gloves.
Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.
 •EYES Redness. Pain.
Safety goggles.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION Abdominal pain. Diarrhoea. Headache. Nausea. Vomiting. Convulsions.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.
Rinse mouth. Give a slurry of activated charcoal in water to drink. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention. See Notes.

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL

STORAGE

PACKAGING & LABELLING

Ventilation. Sweep spilled substance into containers; if appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Personal protection: P3 filter respirator for toxic particles.
Separated from strong oxidants, strong bases, strong acids, strong reducing agents, food and feedstuffs. Well closed.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
UN Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Packing Group: III
ICSC: 1497 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

SUCCINONITRILE

ICSC: 1497

I

M

P

O

R

T

A

N

T


D

A

T

A

PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS WAXY CRYSTALS .

PHYSICAL DANGERS:


CHEMICAL DANGERS:
The substance decomposes on burning and on contact with acids producing toxic and corrosive fumes including nitrogen oxides and cyanides. Reacts with strong bases to produce ammonia . Reacts with strong oxidants and strong reducing agents .

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV not established.
MAK not established.
OSHA PEL: none
NIOSH REL: TWA 6 ppm (20 mg/m3)
NIOSH IDLH: N.D. See: IDLH INDEX


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by ingestion and by inhalation.

INHALATION RISK:
Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly when dispersed.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance is irritating to the eyes , the skin and the respiratory tract . The substance may cause effects on the cellular respiration (inhibition) , resulting in convulsionsand respiratory failure. The effects may be delayed. Exposure at high levels may result in death.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:

PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES

Boiling point: 265°C
Melting point: 54°C
Density: 1.02
g/cm3
Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 20°C: 13
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.1
Flash point: 132°C
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -0.99

ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA


N O T E S

Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available. Environmental effects from the substance have not been investigated.
NFPA Code: H2; F1; R0.

Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61GT1-III
.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION



ICSC: 1497 SUCCINONITRILE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.
 
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