International Chemical Safety Cards

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL DINITRATE ICSC: 1473
World Health Organization (WHO) International Labour Organization (ILO) United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) European Commission National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Diglycoldinitrate
Di(hydroxyethyl)ether dinitrate
Oxydiethylene dinitrate
DEGDN
C4H8N2O7 / O2NOC2H4OC2H4ONO2
Molecular mass: 196.1
Explosive placard ICSC #    1473
CAS #     693-21-0
RTECS # ID6825000
UN #        0075
EC #         603-033-00-4
September 10, 2002 Validated
TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Explosive. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking.
Powder, water spray, foam, carbon dioxide, Note: Evacuate area, fight fires only from an explosion-resistant location.
EXPLOSION Risk of fire and explosion.
Prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (e.g., by grounding). Use non-sparking handtools. Do NOT expose to friction or shock.
In case of fire: cool drums, etc., by spraying with water but avoid contact of the substance with water. Combat fire from a sheltered position.
EXPOSURE
STRICT HYGIENE!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
 •INHALATION Flushing of the face. Hypotension. Dizziness. Headache. Nausea. Weakness. Blue lips or finger nails. Blue skin. Confusion. Convulsions. Unconsciousness.
Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.
 •SKIN MAY BE ABSORBED! (See Inhalation).
Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention.
 •EYES
Face shield, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION (See Inhalation).
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.
Rinse mouth. Give a slurry of activated charcoal in water to drink. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Refer for medical attention.
SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. (Extra personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus.)
Fireproof. Store in separate building. Separated from acids, food and feedstuffs . Cool. Well closed.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
E symbol
T+ symbol
R: 3-26/27/28-33-52/53
S: 1/2-33-35-36/37-45-61
UN Hazard Class: 1.1D
SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
ICSC: 1473 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

International Chemical Safety Cards

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL DINITRATE ICSC: 1473
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PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
LIQUID

PHYSICAL DANGERS:
As a result of flow, agitation, etc., electrostatic charges can be generated.

CHEMICAL DANGERS:
Heating may cause violent combustion or explosion producing toxic fumes of nitrogen oxides. May decompose explosively on shock, friction, or concussion. Reacts with acids .

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
MAK: IIb (see Notes); H (DFG 2002).


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol, through the skin and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
A harmful contamination of the air will be reached rather slowly on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance may cause effects on the cardiovascular system , central nervous system and blood , resulting in impaired functions and the formation of methaemoglobin. The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
The substance may have effects on the cardiovascular system , resulting in cardiac disorders .
PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES
Boiling point at 0.9 kPa: 139C
Melting point: 2C
Vapour pressure, Pa at 20C: 0.5
ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA
Environmental Hazard placard The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms.
N O T E S
Use of alcoholic beverages enhances the harmful effect. Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested. Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available. Rinse contaminated clothes (fire hazard) with plenty of water. MAK value not established but full documentation is available (MAK IIb).
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


ICSC: 1473 DIETHYLENE GLYCOL DINITRATE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.