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1-CHLORO-1-NITROPROPANE

ICSC: 1423

C3H6ClNO2
Molecular mass: 123.54
ICSC #    1423
CAS #     600-25-9
RTECS # TX5075000
UN #        2810
EC #         610-007-00-6
October 17, 2001 Validated
Ch, art prepared by TNO A, July 2001

TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE

ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS

PREVENTION

FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING

FIRE Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking.
Powder, water spray, foam, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Above 62°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.
Above 62°C use a closed system, ventilation, and explosion-proof electrical equipment.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. Combat fire from a sheltered position.
EXPOSURE


 •INHALATION Wheezing. Burning sensation. Cough. Shortness of breath.
Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Refer for medical attention.
 •SKIN
Protective gloves.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.
 •EYES Redness. Pain.
Safety goggles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION (See Inhalation).
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.
Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention.

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL

STORAGE

PACKAGING & LABELLING

Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus.
Separated from strong oxidants, acids.

Xn symbol
R: 20/22
S: (2)
UN Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Packing Group: III
ICSC: 1423 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

1-CHLORO-1-NITROPROPANE

ICSC: 1423

I

M

P

O

R

T

A

N

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D

A

T

A

PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:


CHEMICAL DANGERS:
On combustion, forms toxic and corrosive fumes including chlorine fumes , hydrogen chloride , nitrogen oxides and phosgene . Reacts with oxidants andacids. Attacks plastic, rubber, insulators.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV: 2 ppm as TWA; (ACGIH 2004).
MAK: IIb (not established but data is available) (DFG 2004).
OSHA PEL: TWA 20 ppm (100 mg/m3)
NIOSH REL: TWA 2 ppm (10 mg/m3)
NIOSH IDLH: 100 ppm See: 600259


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and by ingestion .

INHALATION RISK:
A harmful contamination of the air can be reached rather quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance is severely irritating to the eyes and the respiratory tract . Inhalation of of high concentrations of the vapour of this substance may cause lung oedema (see Notes).

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:

PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES

Boiling point: 142°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.2
Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 20°C: 0.8
Vapour pressure, Pa at 25°C: 773.1
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 4.3
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.02
Flash point:
62°C o.c.

ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA


N O T E S

The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation is therefore essential. Immediate administration of an appropriate inhalation therapy by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered. Card has been partly updated in April 2005. See section Occupational Exposure Limits.
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61GT1-III
NFPA Code: H-; F2; R3;

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION



ICSC: 1423 1-CHLORO-1-NITROPROPANE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.
 
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