International Chemical Safety Cards

THIONYL CHLORIDE ICSC: 1409
World Health Organization (WHO) International Labour Organization (ILO) United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) European Commission National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Sulfurous oxychloride
Sulfurous dichloride
Sulfinyl chloride
Sulfur chloride oxide
Thionyl dichloride
SOCl2
Molecular mass: 118.97
8 Corrosive placard ICSC #    1409
CAS #     7719-09-7
RTECS # XM5150000
UN #        1836
EC #         016-015-00-0
October 17, 2001 Validated
TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Not combustible. Many reactions may cause fire or explosion. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO contact with water.
In case of fire in the surroundings: carbon dioxide, powder. NO water.
EXPLOSION

In case of fire: cool drums, etc., by spraying with water but avoid contact of the substance with water.
EXPOSURE
PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS! AVOID ALL CONTACT!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
 •INHALATION Sore throat. Cough. Burning sensation. Shortness of breath. Laboured breathing. Symptoms may be delayed (see Notes).
Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.
 •SKIN Pain. Redness. Serious skin burns.
Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
 •EYES Pain. Redness. Severe deep burns.
Face shield, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION Burning sensation. Abdominal pain. Shock or collapse.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.
Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention.
SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
Ventilation. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. (Extra personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus).
Ventilation along the floor. Separated from food and feedstuffs . See Chemical Dangers. Dry. Well closed.
Unbreakable packaging; put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container. Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
C symbol
R: 14-20/22-29-35
S: 1/2-26-36/37/39-45
UN Hazard Class: 8
UN Packing Group: I
SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
ICSC: 1409 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

International Chemical Safety Cards

THIONYL CHLORIDE ICSC: 1409
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PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS TO YELLOW OR REDDISH, FUMING LIQUID , WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:
The vapour is heavier than air.

CHEMICAL DANGERS:
The substance decomposes on heating above 140C producing toxic and corrosive fumes . Reacts violently with water to produce toxic fumes of sulfur dioxide and hydrogen chloride. Reacts with many substances such as combustible substances , amines , bases and metals , causing fire and explosion hazard.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV: 1 ppm (Ceiling value) (ACGIH 2001).
OSHA PEL: none
NIOSH REL: C 1 ppm (5 mg/m3)
NIOSH IDLH: N.D. See: IDLH INDEX


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
A harmful contamination of the air can be reached very quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance is very corrosive to the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. Corrosive on ingestion. Inhalation of the substance may cause lung oedema (see Notes). The substance may cause effects on the lungs , resulting in inflammation and blockage of the airways. Exposure far above the OEL may result in death. The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES
Boiling point: 76C
Melting point: -104.5C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.64
Solubility in water: reaction
Vapour pressure, kPa at 25C: 16
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 4.1
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20C (air = 1): 1.49
ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA

N O T E S
The occupational exposure limit value should not be exceeded during any part of the working exposure. The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation is therefore essential.
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-80S1836
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NFPA Code: H4; F0; R2; W
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


ICSC: 1409 THIONYL CHLORIDE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.