International Chemical Safety Cards

PENTACHLOROETHANE ICSC: 1394
World Health Organization (WHO) International Labour Organization (ILO) United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) European Commission National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Ethane pentachloride
Pentalin
CHCl2CCl3
Molecular mass: 202.3
6 Poison placard Marine Pollutant placard ICSC #    1394
CAS #     76-01-7
RTECS # KI6300000
UN #        1669
EC #         602-017-00-4
October 10, 2002 Validated
TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Not combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.

In case of fire in the surroundings: use appropriate extinguishing media.
EXPLOSION

In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
 •INHALATION Confusion. Cough. Dizziness. Headache. Nausea. Sore throat. Vomiting.
Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.
 •SKIN Dry skin.
Protective gloves.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
 •EYES Redness. Pain.
Face shield, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION Abdominal pain. Diarrhoea. (Further See Inhalation).
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.
Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention.
SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. (Extra personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours.)
Separated from food and feedstuffs , strong bases and powdered metals . Well closed. Keep in a well-ventilated room.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Marine pollutant.
T symbol
N symbol
R: 40-48/23-51/53
S: 1/2-23-36/37-45-61
UN Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Packing Group: II
SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
ICSC: 1394 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

International Chemical Safety Cards

PENTACHLOROETHANE ICSC: 1394
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PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:
The vapour is heavier than air.

CHEMICAL DANGERS:
The substance decomposes on heating producing toxic and corrosive fumes including hydrogen chloride and phosgene . Reacts violently with strong bases powdered metals and sodium-potassium alloy causing explosion and toxic hazard.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
MAK: 5 ppm; 42 mg/m;
Peak limitation category: II(2);
(DFG 2002).
OSHA PEL: none
NIOSH REL: Handle with care in the workplace. See Appendix C (Chloroethanes)
NIOSH IDLH: N.D. See: IDLH INDEX


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
A harmful contamination of the air can be reached rather quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance is irritating to the eyes, and the respiratory tract . The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system , resulting in depression.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
The liquid defats the skin. The substance may have effects on the nervous system , resulting in impaired functions .
PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES
Boiling point: 162C
Melting point: -29C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.68
Solubility in water: very poor
Vapour pressure, kPa at 25C: 0.453
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 7.0
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20C (air = 1): 1.03
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 3.67
ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA
Environmental Hazard placard The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms.
N O T E S
Use of alcoholic beverages enhances the harmful effect. Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61S1669

NFPA Code: H3; F0; R0;
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


ICSC: 1394 PENTACHLOROETHANE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.