International Chemical Safety Cards

TRIMETHYL BENZENE (MIXED ISOMERS) ICSC: 1389
World Health Organization (WHO) International Labour Organization (ILO) United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) European Commission National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Benzene, trimethyl (isomers)
Methylxylene
C9H12
Molecular mass: 120.2
3 Flammable Liquid placard ICSC #    1389
CAS #     25551-13-7
RTECS # DC3220000
UN #        1993
June 03, 2002 Validated
TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Flammable.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking.
Alcohol-resistant foam, dry powder, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Above 44C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.
Above 44C use a closed system, ventilation, and explosion-proof electrical equipment. Prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (e.g., by grounding).
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!

 •INHALATION Confusion. Cough. Dizziness. Drowsiness. Headache. Sore throat. Vomiting.
Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.
 •SKIN Redness. Dry skin.
Protective gloves.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.
 •EYES Redness. Pain.
Safety spectacles.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION (See Inhalation).
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention.
SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours.
Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants. Well closed. Keep in a well-ventilated room.

See Notes.
UN Hazard Class: 3
UN Packing Group: III
SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
ICSC: 1389 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

International Chemical Safety Cards

TRIMETHYL BENZENE (MIXED ISOMERS) ICSC: 1389
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PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH CHARACTERISITC ODOUR.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:


CHEMICAL DANGERS:
The substance decomposes on burning producing toxic and irritating fumes . Reacts violently with strong oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV: (as mixed isomers) 25 ppm as TWA; (ACGIH 2008).
EU OEL: (all isomers) 20 ppm, 100 mg/m as TWA (EU 2001).


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation.

INHALATION RISK:
A harmful contamination of the air will be reached rather slowly on evaporation of this substance at 20C; on spraying or dispersing, however, much faster.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance is irritating to the eyes , the skin and the respiratory tract . If this liquid is swallowed, aspiration into the lungs may result in chemical pneumonitis. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
The liquid defats the skin. Lungs may be affected by repeated or prolonged exposure, resulting in chronic bronchitis. The substance may have effects on the blood and central nervous system . See Notes.
PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES
Boiling point: 165 to 176C
Melting point: -25 to 45C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.86 to 0.89
Solubility in water:
very poor
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20C: 0.18 to 0.25
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 4.1
Flash point: 44 to 53C (c.c.)
Auto-ignition temperature: 470 to 550C
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 3.4 to 3.8
ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA
Environmental Hazard placard The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms. Bioaccumulation of this chemical may occur in fish.
N O T E S
Use of alcoholic beverages enhances the harmful effect. Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated. See ICSC 1155 1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene (Mesitylene); ICSC 1362 1,2,3-Trimethylbenzene (Hemimellitene); ICSC 1433 1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene (Pseudocumene). 1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene (Mesitylene) is classified as a marine pollutant.
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-30GF1-III
NFPA Code: H0; F2; R0;
Card has been partially updated in February 2009: see Occupational Exposure Limits.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


ICSC: 1389 TRIMETHYL BENZENE (MIXED ISOMERS)
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.