International Chemical Safety Cards

ANTIMONY TRICHLORIDE ICSC: 1224
World Health Organization (WHO) International Labour Organization (ILO) United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) European Commission National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Trichlorostibine
Antimonous chloride
Butter of antimony
Antimony(III) chloride
SbCl3
Molecular mass: 228.1
8 Corrosive placard ICSC #    1224
CAS #     10025-91-9
RTECS # CC4900000
UN #        1733
EC #         051-001-00-8
April 20, 2004 Validated
TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Not combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.

In case of fire in the surroundings: NO water.
EXPLOSION


EXPOSURE
AVOID ALL CONTACT!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
 •INHALATION Sore throat. Cough. Burning sensation. Shortness of breath. Laboured breathing. Abdominal pain.
Ventilation (not if powder), local exhaust, or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.
 •SKIN Pain. Redness. Serious skin burns.
Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
 •EYES Pain. Redness. Severe deep burns.
Face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION Burning sensation. Abdominal cramps. Nausea. Vomiting. Shock or collapse.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Give plenty of water to drink. Refer for medical attention.
SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Sweep spilled substance into sealable containers. Carefully collect remainder, then remove to safe place.
Separated from food and feedstuffs . Dry. Well closed.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
C symbol
N symbol
R: 34-51/53
S: 1/2-26-45-61
UN Hazard Class: 8
UN Packing Group: II
SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
ICSC: 1224 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

International Chemical Safety Cards

ANTIMONY TRICHLORIDE ICSC: 1224
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PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS HYGROSCOPIC CRYSTALS , WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:


CHEMICAL DANGERS:
The substance decomposes on heating producing toxic fumesincludingchlorineand antimony oxides. Reacts withwaterto produce heat, hydrogen chloride (see ICSC0163) and antimony oxychloride. Attacks many metals in the presence of water. Aluminium burns in antimony trichloride vapour.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV: (as Sb) 0.5 mg/m³ as TWA (ACGIH 2004).
MAK:
Carcinogen category: 2; Germ cell mutagen group: 3A;
(DFG 2005).


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly when dispersed, especially if powdered.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance is corrosive to the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. Corrosive on ingestion. Inhalation of the substance may cause lung oedema (see Notes). The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
The substance may have effects on the cardiovascular system.
PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES
Boiling point: 223.5°C
Melting point: 73°C
Density: 3.14
g/cm³
Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 25°C: 10
Vapour pressure, Pa at 49°C: 133
ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA
Environmental Hazard placard The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms.
N O T E S
C.I. 77056 is an alternative name. Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested. The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential. Immediate administration of an appropriate inhalation therapy by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered. Card has been partly updated in October 2005. See section Occupational Exposure Limits.
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-80GC2-II+III
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


ICSC: 1224 ANTIMONY TRICHLORIDE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.