International Chemical Safety Cards

SODIUM CITRATE PENTAHYDRATE ICSC: 1220
World Health Organization (WHO) International Labour Organization (ILO) United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) European Commission National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Trisodium citrate pentahydrate
2-Hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxylic acid, trisodium salt, pentahydrate
C6H15Na3O12 / C6H5Na3O7•5H2O
Molecular mass: 348.2
ICSC #    1220
CAS #     6858-44-2
November 27, 2003 Validated
TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible.
NO open flames.
Water spray, powder.
EXPLOSION


EXPOSURE


 •INHALATION Cough. Sore throat.
Ventilation (not if powder).
Fresh air, rest.
 •SKIN

Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.
 •EYES Redness.
Safety spectacles.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Rinse mouth.
SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
Sweep spilled substance into containers; if appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Wash away remainder with plenty of water.
Well closed.

SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
ICSC: 1220 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

International Chemical Safety Cards

SODIUM CITRATE PENTAHYDRATE ICSC: 1220
I

M

P

O

R

T

A

N

T


D

A

T

A
PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
SOLID IN VARIOUS FORMS

PHYSICAL DANGERS:


CHEMICAL DANGERS:
The solution in water is a weak base.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV not established.
MAK: IIb (not established but data is available) (DFG 2004).


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a nuisance-causing concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly when dispersed.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance is irritating to the eyes and the respiratory tract .

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES
Solubility in water:
good
ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA

N O T E S
Card has been partly updated in April 2005. See section Occupational Exposure Limits.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


ICSC: 1220 SODIUM CITRATE PENTAHYDRATE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.