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ALUMINIUM SULFATE

ICSC: 1191

Aluminium sulphate
Aluminium trisulfate
Alum
Al2S3O12 / Al2(SO4)3
Molecular mass: 342.14
ICSC #    1191
CAS #     10043-01-3
RTECS # BD1700000
October 24, 1994 Validated

TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE

ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS

PREVENTION

FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING

FIRE Not combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.

In case of fire in the surroundings: all extinguishing agents allowed.
EXPLOSION

In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST! STRICT HYGIENE!

 •INHALATION Cough. Shortness of breath. Sore throat.
Avoid inhalation of fine dust and mist. Local exhaust or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.
 •SKIN Redness. Pain.
Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
 •EYES Corrosive. Redness. Severe deep burns.
Safety goggles.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION Abdominal pain. Burning sensation. Nausea. Vomiting.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Give plenty of water to drink. Refer for medical attention.

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL

STORAGE

PACKAGING & LABELLING

Sweep spilled substance into containers; if appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. (Extra personal protection: P2 filter respirator for harmful particles).
Separated from strong bases. Dry.

ICSC: 1191 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

ALUMINIUM SULFATE

ICSC: 1191

I

M

P

O

R

T

A

N

T


D

A

T

A

PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
ODOURLESS WHITE, LUSTROUS CRYSTALS OR POWDER.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:


CHEMICAL DANGERS:
The substance decomposes on heating or on burning producing toxic and corrosive fumes including sulfur oxides. The solution in water is a medium strong acid. Reacts with alkalis and attacks many metals in presence of water.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV (as Al soluble salt): 2 mg/m3 (ACGIH 1993-1994).


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly when dispersed, especially if powdered.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance irritates the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. Corrosive on ingestion.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:

PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES

Melting point (decomposes): 770°C
Relative density (water = 1): 2.71
Solubility in water: good

ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA

This substance may be hazardous to the environment; special attention should be given to fish.

N O T E S

Cake alum, pickle alum, filter alum, papermaker's alum and pearl alum are other common names of aluminium sulfate. Occurs in nature as the mineral alunogenite.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION



ICSC: 1191 ALUMINIUM SULFATE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.
 
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