International Chemical Safety Cards

GLYOXAL (40% solution) ICSC: 1162
World Health Organization (WHO) International Labour Organization (ILO) United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) European Commission National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
1,2-Ethanedione
Biformyl
Ethanedial
Oxalaldehyde
C2H2O2 / OHCCHO
Molecular mass: 58.0
ICSC #    1162
CAS #     107-22-2
RTECS # MD2700000
EC #         605-016-00-7
July 05, 2003 Validated
TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible.
NO open flames.
Carbon dioxide , foam , powder .
EXPLOSION


EXPOSURE
AVOID ALL CONTACT!

 •INHALATION
Local exhaust or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest.
 •SKIN Redness.
Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.
 •EYES Redness. Pain.
Safety goggles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION Abdominal pain. Nausea. Vomiting.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention.
SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Use face shield. Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours.
Well closed.

Note: B
Xn symbol
R: 20-36/38-43-68
S: 2-36/37
SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
ICSC: 1162 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

International Chemical Safety Cards

GLYOXAL (40% solution) ICSC: 1162
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A

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D

A

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A
PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS TO PALE YELLOW LIQUID

PHYSICAL DANGERS:


CHEMICAL DANGERS:
The solution in water is a weak acid.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV: (inhalable aerosol and vapor) 0.1 mg/m³ as TWA; A4 (not classifiable as a human carcinogen); SEN; (ACGIH 2003).
MAK: skin absorption (H); sensitization of skin (Sh);
Carcinogen category: 3B;
(DFG 2004).


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour or by inhalation of its aerosol, and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
A harmful contamination of the air can be reached very quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance is irritating to the eyes and the skin .

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
Repeated or prolonged contact may cause skin sensitization.
PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES
Boiling point: 104°C
Melting point: -14°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.27
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 2.4
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 1.27
Flash point: >100°C
Auto-ignition temperature: 285°C
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -0.85
ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA

N O T E S
The substance is also commercially available as a crystalline dihydrate (80% glyoxal). Do NOT take working clothes home. Card has been partly updated in April 2005. See section Occupational Exposure Limits.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


ICSC: 1162 GLYOXAL (40% solution)
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.