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CALCIUM PHOSPHIDE

ICSC: 1126

Ca3P2
Molecular mass: 182.2
ICSC #    1126
CAS #     1305-99-3
RTECS # EW3870000
UN #        1360
EC #         015-003-00-2
May 03, 2002 Validated

TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE

ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS

PREVENTION

FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING

FIRE Not combustible but forms flammable gas on contact with water or damp air.
NO contact with water, oxidants and acid(s).
NO water or foam. In case of fire in the surroundings: powder, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION

In case of fire: cool drums, etc., by spraying with water but avoid contact of the substance with water.
EXPOSURE
AVOID ALL CONTACT!

 •INHALATION Cough. Headache. Sore throat. Laboured breathing. Tremor. Diarrhoea. Convulsions. Vomiting.
Local exhaust or breathing protection.
Refer for medical attention. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. No mouth-to-mouth artificial respiration.
 •SKIN Redness. Pain.
Protective clothing. Protective gloves.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
 •EYES Redness. Pain.
Safety goggles, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION (See Inhalation).
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Refer for medical attention. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). No mouth-to-mouth artificial respiration.

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL

STORAGE

PACKAGING & LABELLING

Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Sweep spilled substance into containers. Carefully collect remainder, then remove to safe place. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. (Extra personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus.)
Separated from food and feedstuffs and incompatible materials . See Chemical Dangers. Cool. Dry. Keep in a well-ventilated room.

T+ symbol
F symbol
N symbol
R: 15/29-28-50
S: 1/2-22-43-45-61
UN Hazard Class: 4.3
UN Subsidiary Risks: 6.1
UN Packing Group: I
ICSC: 1126 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

CALCIUM PHOSPHIDE

ICSC: 1126

I

M

P

O

R

T

A

N

T


D

A

T

A

PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
RED - BROWN CRYSTALLINE POWDER OR GREY LUMPS .

PHYSICAL DANGERS:


CHEMICAL DANGERS:
Reacts violently with acids , water or moist air to produce phosphine (ICSC 0694), causing fire andtoxic hazard. Reacts violently with strong oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV not established.


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
A very toxic concentration of airborne particles can be reached quickly when dispersed, especially if powdered.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance is irritating to the eyes , the skin and the respiratory tract . Inhalation of phosphine liberated from calcium phosphide may cause lung oedema (see Notes). The substance may cause effects on the gastrointestinal tract , central nervous system , liver , kidneys and cardiovascular system , resulting in impaired functions and respiratory failure . Exposure may result in death.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:

PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES

Melting point: 1600°C
Density: 2.5 g/cm3

ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA

The substance is very toxic to aquatic organisms.

N O T E S

Photophor is a trade name. Environmental effects from the substance have not been investigated adequately. The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation is therefore essential. Do NOT take working clothes home.
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-43GWT2-I

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION



ICSC: 1126 CALCIUM PHOSPHIDE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.
 
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