International Chemical Safety Cards

SODIUM NITRITE ICSC: 1120
World Health Organization (WHO) International Labour Organization (ILO) United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) European Commission National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Nitrous acid, sodium salt
NaNO2
Molecular mass: 69.0
6 Harmful - Stow Away from Foodstuffs placard 6 Poison placard 5.1 Oxidizer placard ICSC #    1120
CAS #     7632-00-0
RTECS # RA1225000
UN #        1500
EC #         007-010-00-4
April 10, 2000 Validated
TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Not combustible but enhances combustion of other substances. Many reactions may cause fire or explosion. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO contact with combustible substances.
In case of fire in the surroundings: use appropriate extinguishing media.
EXPLOSION


EXPOSURE
PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST!

 •INHALATION Blue lips or finger nails. Blue skin. Confusion. Convulsions. Dizziness. Headache. Nausea. Unconsciousness.
Local exhaust or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention.
 •SKIN
Protective gloves.
First rinse with plenty of water, then remove contaminated clothes and rinse again.
 •EYES Redness. Pain.
Safety spectacles.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION Rapid pulse. (See Inhalation).
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.
Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Give plenty of water to drink. Refer for medical attention.
SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
Sweep spilled substance into containers; if appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Carefully collect remainder, then remove to safe place. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. (Extra personal protection: P3 filter respirator for toxic particles).
Separated from combustible and reducing substances, acids. Dry. Well closed.

O symbol
T symbol
N symbol
R: 8-25-50
S: 1/2-45-61
UN Hazard Class: 5.1
UN Subsidiary Risks: 6.1
UN Packing Group: III
SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
ICSC: 1120 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

International Chemical Safety Cards

SODIUM NITRITE ICSC: 1120
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PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
HYGROSCOPIC , WHITE TO YELLOW SOLID IN VARIOUS FORMS

PHYSICAL DANGERS:


CHEMICAL DANGERS:
May explode on heating above 530°C. The substance decomposes on contact with acids producing toxic fumes ( nitrogen oxides ). The substance is a strong oxidant and reacts with combustible and reducing materials causing fire and explosion hazard. The solution in water is a weak base. Reacts with aluminium , ammonium compounds, amines .

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV not established.


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance is irritating to the eyes . The substance may cause effects on the cardiovascular system and blood , resulting in lower blood pressure and the formation of methaemoglobin. Exposure may result in death. The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES
Decomposes below boiling point at 320°C
Melting point (decomposes): 280°C
Density: 2.2
g/cm³
Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 20°C: 82
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -3.7
ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA
Environmental Hazard placard The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms.
N O T E S
Rinse contaminated clothes (fire hazard) with plenty of water. Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available. Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated.
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-51G02
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


ICSC: 1120 SODIUM NITRITE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.