International Chemical Safety Cards

TURPENTINE ICSC: 1063
World Health Organization (WHO) International Labour Organization (ILO) United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) European Commission National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Turpentine, oil
Spirits of turpentine
Oil of turpentine
Steam distilled turpentine
Gum spirits
Wood turpentine
C10H16 (approx)
Molecular mass: 136 (approx)
3 Flammable Liquid placard Marine Pollutant placard ICSC #    1063
CAS #     8006-64-2
RTECS # YO8400000
UN #        1299
EC #         650-002-00-6
June 03, 2002 Validated
TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking.
Foam, dry powder, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Above 30░C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.
Above 30░C use a closed system, ventilation, and explosion-proof electrical equipment. Prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (e.g., by grounding). Use non-sparking handtools.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS! STRICT HYGIENE!

 •INHALATION Confusion. Cough. Headache. Sore throat. Shortness of breath.
Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.
 •SKIN Redness. Pain.
Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.
 •EYES Blurred vision. Pain. Redness.
Safety spectacles, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION Burning sensation. Abdominal pain. Nausea. Vomiting. Confusion. Convulsions. Diarrhoea. Unconsciousness.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Do NOT induce vomiting. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Refer for medical attention.
SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
Cover the spilled material with dry earth or sand or other non-combustible material. Ventilation. Remove all ignition sources. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Sweep spilled substance into containers and then remove to safe place. (Extra personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus.) Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment.
Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants, incompatible materials . See Chemical Dangers. Cool. Keep in a well-ventilated room.

Marine pollutant.
Xn symbol
N symbol
R: 10-20/21/22-36/38-43-51/53-65
S: 2-36/37-46-61-62
UN Hazard Class: 3
UN Packing Group: III
SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
ICSC: 1063 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

International Chemical Safety Cards

TURPENTINE ICSC: 1063
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PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:


CHEMICAL DANGERS:
On combustion, forms toxic fumes including carbon monoxide. The substance decomposes slowly under the influence of air or light producing oxidation products that are more toxic or irritating than turpentine itself. Reacts violently with oxidants, halogens, combustible substances, mineral acids. Attacks plastic and rubber.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV: 20 ppm as TWA; SEN; A4 (not classifiable as a human carcinogen); (ACGIH 2008).
MAK: sensitization of skin (Sh);
Carcinogen category: 3A
(DFG 2008).
OSHA PEL: TWA 100 ppm (560 mg/m3)
NIOSH REL: TWA 100 ppm (560 mg/m3)
NIOSH IDLH: 800 ppm See: 8006642


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, through the skin and by ingestion .

INHALATION RISK:
A harmful contamination of the air will be reached rather slowly on evaporation of this substance at 20░C.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The vapour is irritating to the eyes , the skin and the respiratory tract . If this liquid is swallowed, aspiration into the lungs may result in chemical pneumonitis. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system , bladder and kidneys , resulting in irritability , convulsions and kidney impairment . Exposure at high levels may result in tachycardia, unconsciousness , respiratory failure, death .

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
Repeated or prolonged contact may cause skin sensitization. The liquid defats the skin.
PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES
Boiling point: 149 to 180░C
Melting point: -50 to -60░C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.9
Solubility in water:
none
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20░C: 0.25 to 0.67
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 4.6 to 4.8
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20░C (air = 1): 1.01
Flash point: 30 to 46░C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 220 to 255░C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 0.8-6
ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA
Environmental Hazard placard The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms. The substance may cause long-term effects in the aquatic environment.
N O T E S
The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient. Turpentine is obtained by distilling the gum from various species of pine. It is a mixture of isomeric terpene hydrocarbons. Composition varies with refining methods and the age, location and species of the softwood source.
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-30S1299

NFPA Code: H1; F3; R0
Card has been partially updated in : see Occupational Exposure Limits,
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


ICSC: 1063 TURPENTINE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.