Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to site content
CDC Home
Error processing SSI file

ETHYLENE GLYCOL DINITRATE

ICSC: 1056

Glycol dinitrate
EGDN
Nitroglycol
C2H4N2O6 / NO2OCH2CH2ONO2
Molecular mass: 152.1
ICSC #    1056
CAS #     628-96-6
RTECS # KW5600000
EC #         603-032-00-9
October 19, 1999 Validated

TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE

ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS

PREVENTION

FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING

FIRE Explosive. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking.
Powder, water spray, foam, carbon dioxide, Note: Evacuate area, fight fires only from an explosion-resistant location.
EXPLOSION Risk of fire and explosion.
Prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (e.g., by grounding). Use non-sparking handtools. Do NOT expose to friction or shock.
In case of fire: cool drums, etc., by spraying with water but avoid contact of the substance with water. Combat fire from a sheltered position.
EXPOSURE
STRICT HYGIENE!

 •INHALATION Headache. Dizziness. Nausea. Weakness. Flushing of the face. Chest pain. Symptoms may be delayed (see Notes).
Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.
 •SKIN MAY BE ABSORBED! (See Inhalation).
Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention.
 •EYES
Face shield, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION (See Inhalation).
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.
Rinse mouth. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Refer for medical attention.

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL

STORAGE

PACKAGING & LABELLING

Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. (Extra personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus).
Fireproof. Store in a separate building. Separated from acids, food and feedstuffs. Cool. Well closed.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
E symbol
T+ symbol
R: 2-26/27/28-33
S: 1/2-33-35-36/37-45
ICSC: 1056 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

ETHYLENE GLYCOL DINITRATE

ICSC: 1056

I

M

P

O

R

T

A

N

T


D

A

T

A

PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS TO YELLOWISH, OILY LIQUID

PHYSICAL DANGERS:


CHEMICAL DANGERS:
Heating may cause violent combustion or explosion producing toxic fumes (nitrogen oxides). May explosively decompose on shock, friction, or concussion. Reacts with acids.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV: 0.05 ppm; (as TWA) (skin) (ACGIH 1999).
OSHA PEL: C 0.2 ppm (1 mg/m3) skin
NIOSH REL: ST 0.1 mg/m3 skin
NIOSH IDLH: 75 mg/m3 See: 628966


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol, through the skin and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
A harmful contamination of the air can be reached rather quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance may cause effects on the cardiovascular system , resulting in sudden lowering of blood pressure. The substance may cause effects on the blood , resulting in formation of methaemoglobin. Medical observation is indicated. The effects may be delayed.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
Repeated exposure leads to marked tolerance. Short absence from exposure may lead to sudden death.

PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES

Boiling point: explodes at 114°C
Melting point: -22°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.49
Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 25°C: 0.5
Vapour pressure, Pa at 20°C: 7
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 5.2
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.0
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 1.16

ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA

The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms.

N O T E S

Symptoms such as chest pains or palpitations that can develop during periods away from work may be indicative of toxicity of the substance and should be reported immediately to the responsible physician. Use of alcoholic beverages enhances the harmful effect. Rinse contaminated clothes (fire hazard) with plenty of water. Do NOT take working clothes home. Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated. Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION



ICSC: 1056 ETHYLENE GLYCOL DINITRATE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.
 
Error processing SSI file
USA.gov: The U.S. Government's Official Web PortalDepartment of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention   1600 Clifton Road Atlanta, GA 30329-4027, USA
800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636) TTY: (888) 232-6348 - Contact CDC–INFO