International Chemical Safety Cards

CYANOGEN CHLORIDE ICSC: 1053
World Health Organization (WHO) International Labour Organization (ILO) United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) European Commission National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Chlorine cyanide
Chlorocyanide
Chlorocyanogen
ClCN
Molecular mass: 61.5
(cylinder)
8 Corrosive placard 2 Poison Gas placard Marine Pollutant placard ICSC #    1053
CAS #     506-77-4
RTECS # GT2275000
UN #        1589 (inhibited)
October 19, 1999 Validated
TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Not combustible. Heating will cause rise in pressure with risk of bursting. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.

In case of fire in the surroundings: all extinguishing agents allowed.
EXPLOSION

In case of fire: cool cylinder by spraying with water but avoid contact of the substance with water.
EXPOSURE
AVOID ALL CONTACT!

 •INHALATION Sore throat. Drowsiness. Confusion. Nausea. Vomiting. Cough. Unconsciousness. Symptoms may be delayed (see Notes).
Local exhaust or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention.
 •SKIN ON CONTACT WITH LIQUID: FROSTBITE. THE LIQUID MAY BE ABSORBED. Redness. Pain.
Cold-insulating gloves. Protective clothing.
ON FROSTBITE: rinse with plenty of water, do NOT remove clothes. Refer for medical attention.
 •EYES ON CONTACT WITH LIQUID: FROSTBITE. Redness. Pain.
Face shield, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Ventilation. NEVER direct water jet on liquid. Remove vapour cloud with fine water spray. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus.
Fireproof if in building. Store in an area without drain or sewer access. Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. Cool.

Marine pollutant.
UN Hazard Class: 2.3
UN Subsidiary Risks: 8
SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
ICSC: 1053 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

International Chemical Safety Cards

CYANOGEN CHLORIDE ICSC: 1053
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PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS COMPRESSED LIQUEFIED GAS , WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:
The gas is heavier than air.

CHEMICAL DANGERS:
The substance decomposes on heating producing toxic and corrosive fumes (hydrogen cyanide, hydrochloric acid, nitrogen oxides). Reacts slowly with water or water vapour to form hydrogen chloride.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV: 0.3 ppm; as (ceiling value) (ACGIH 1999).
MAK: IIb (not established but data is available) (DFG 2008).
OSHA PEL: none
NIOSH REL: C 0.3 ppm (0.6 mg/m3)
NIOSH IDLH: N.D. See: IDLH INDEX


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation.

INHALATION RISK:
A harmful concentration of this gas in the air will be reached very quickly on loss of containment.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
Tear drawing. The substance severely irritates the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the cellular respiration , resulting in convulsions and unconsciousness . Exposure may result in death. Medical observation is indicated. See Notes. Inhalation of the substance may cause lung oedema (see Notes). The effects may be delayed. Rapid evaporation of the liquid may cause frostbite. Medical observation is indicated.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES
Boiling point: 13.8C
Melting point: -6C
Solubility in water: soluble
Vapour pressure, kPa at 21.1C: 1987
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.16
ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA
Environmental Hazard placard The substance is very toxic to aquatic organisms.
N O T E S
The occupational exposure limit value should not be exceeded during any part of the working exposure. The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation is therefore essential. Immediate administration of an appropriate spray, by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered. Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available. Do NOT spray water on leaking cylinder (to prevent corrosion of cylinder). Turn leaking cylinder with the leak up to prevent escape of gas in liquid state.
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-801
Card has been partially updated in November 2008: see Occupational Exposure Limits,
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


ICSC: 1053 CYANOGEN CHLORIDE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.