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ISOAMYL NITRITE

ICSC: 1012

Amyl nitrite
Nitrous acid, 3-methyl butyl ester
3-Methylbutanol nitrite
Isopentyl alcohol nitrite
C5H11N02
Molecular mass: 117.2
ICSC #    1012
CAS #     110-46-3
RTECS # NT0187500
UN #        1113
EC #         007-020-00-9
November 26, 1998 Validated

TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE

ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS

PREVENTION

FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING

FIRE Highly flammable. Many reactions may cause fire or explosion. Heating will cause rise in pressure with risk of bursting.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking.
Water spray, alcohol-resistant foam.
EXPLOSION Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.
Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. Combat fire from a sheltered position.
EXPOSURE
PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS! STRICT HYGIENE!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
 •INHALATION Blue lips or finger nails. Blue skin. Confusion. Convulsions. Dizziness. Headache. Sweating. Nausea. Unconsciousness. Vomiting. Flushing of the face. Symptoms may be delayed (see Notes).
Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention.
 •SKIN MAY BE ABSORBED!
Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention.
 •EYES
Safety spectacles, face shield, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION (See Inhalation).
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.
Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention.

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL

STORAGE

PACKAGING & LABELLING

Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Ventilation. Remove all ignition sources. Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus.
Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants. Cool. Well closed.
Airtight. Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
F symbol
Xn symbol
R: 11-20/22
S: 2-16-24-46
UN Hazard Class: 3
UN Packing Group: II
ICSC: 1012 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

ISOAMYL NITRITE

ICSC: 1012

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PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
YELLOW LIQUID , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:
The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible.

CHEMICAL DANGERS:
May explode on heating. The substance decomposes on burning producing toxic gases including nitrogen oxides. Reacts with oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV not established.
MAK not established.


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and through the skin.

INHALATION RISK:
A harmful contamination of the air can be reached rather quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance may cause effects on the blood and cardiovascular system , resulting in cardiac disorders and formation of methaemoglobin. The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:

PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES

Boiling point: 97-99°C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.875
Solubility in water: none
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 3.5
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 4.0
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.1
Flash point: 3°C
Auto-ignition temperature: 209°C

ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA


N O T E S

Combustion in a confined space may turn into detonation. Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated. Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available.
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-30G30

NFPA Code: H1; F; R2;
Card has been partially updated in November 2008: see EU Classification,

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION



ICSC: 1012 ISOAMYL NITRITE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.
 
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