International Chemical Safety Cards

FENCHLORPHOS ICSC: 0975
World Health Organization (WHO) International Labour Organization (ILO) United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) European Commission National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
O,O-Dimethyl-O-(2,4,5-trichlorophenyl) phosphorothioate
Ronnel
(CH3O)2PSOC6H2Cl3 / C8H8Cl3O3PS
Molecular mass: 321.5
ICSC #    0975
CAS #     299-84-3
RTECS # TG0525000
EC #         015-052-00-X
October 25, 1995 Validated
TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Not combustible. Liquid formulations containing organic solvents may be flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.

In case of fire in the surroundings: use appropriate extinguishing media.
EXPLOSION


EXPOSURE
PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST! AVOID EXPOSURE OF (PREGNANT) WOMEN! AVOID EXPOSURE OF ADOLESCENTS AND CHILDREN!

 •INHALATION Dizziness. Sweating. Laboured breathing. Unconsciousness. Vomiting. Pupillary constriction, muscle cramp, excessive salivation.
Avoid inhalation of fine dust and mist. Ventilation (not if powder), local exhaust, or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.
 •SKIN MAY BE ABSORBED!
Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention.
 •EYES
Face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection if powder.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION Abdominal cramps. Diarrhoea. Nausea. Vomiting. Pupillary constriction, muscle cramps, excessive salivation.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.
Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Refer for medical attention.
SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
Do NOT wash away into sewer. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Sweep spilled substance into sealable containers; if appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Carefully collect remainder, then remove to safe place. Personal protection: P2 filter respirator for harmful particles.
Separated from strong oxidants, food and feedstuffs .
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Xn symbol
N symbol
R: 21/22-50/53
S: 2-25-36/37-60-61
SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
ICSC: 0975 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

International Chemical Safety Cards

FENCHLORPHOS ICSC: 0975
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PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
WHITE POWDER.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:


CHEMICAL DANGERS:
The substance decomposes on heating producing toxic fumes including hydrogen chloride phosphorus oxides and sulfur oxides .

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
OSHA PEL: TWA 15 mg/m3
NIOSH REL: TWA 10 mg/m3
NIOSH IDLH: 300 mg/m3 See: 299843
TLV: 10 mg/m as TWA; A4 (not classifiable as a human carcinogen); BEI issued; (ACGIH 2004).


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol, through the skin and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
Evaporation at 20C is negligible; a nuisance-causing concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly on spraying or when dispersed, especially if powdered.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance may cause effects on the nervous system , resulting in convulsions. Cholinesterase inhibitor. The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
Animal tests show that this substance possibly causes malformations in human babies.
PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES
Melting point: 41C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.48
Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 20C:
none
Vapour pressure, Pa at 25C: <10
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 4.88
ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA
Environmental Hazard placard The substance is very toxic to aquatic organisms. Bioaccumulation of this chemical may occur in fish. Avoid release to the environment in circumstances different to normal use.
N O T E S
Temperature of decomposition unknown in literature. Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested. Carrier solvents used in commercial formulations may change physical and toxicological properties. Do NOT take working clothes home. Ectoral, Trolene, Viozene, Nankor and Korlan are trade names. Card has been partly updated in October 2004 and 2005. See sections Occupational Exposure Limits, EU classification.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


ICSC: 0975 FENCHLORPHOS
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.