International Chemical Safety Cards

2,4,5-TRICHLOROPHENOL ICSC: 0879
World Health Organization (WHO) International Labour Organization (ILO) United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) European Commission National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
2,4,5-TCP
1-Hydroxy-2,4,5-trichlorobenzene
C6H3Cl3O / C6H2Cl3(OH)
Molecular mass: 197.5
6 Harmful - Stow Away from Foodstuffs placard 6 Poison placard Marine Pollutant placard ICSC #    0879
CAS #     95-95-4
RTECS # SN1400000
UN #        2020
EC #         604-017-00-X
March 25, 1998 Validated
TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible under specific conditions. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames. NO contact with strong oxidants.
Water spray, powder.
EXPLOSION


EXPOSURE
PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST!

 •INHALATION Cough.
Local exhaust or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest.
 •SKIN Redness. Pain.
Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
First rinse with plenty of water, then remove contaminated clothes and rinse again. Refer for medical attention.
 •EYES Redness. Pain. Blurred vision.
Safety goggles, face shield, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection if powder.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION Abdominal pain. Diarrhoea. Dizziness. Headache. Vomiting. Fatigue. Sweating.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.
Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention.
SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
(Extra personal protection: A/P2 filter respirator for organic vapour and harmful dust). Sweep spilled substance into sealable containers; if appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Carefully collect remainder, then remove to safe place. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment.
Separated from strong oxidants, food and feedstuffs. Store in an area without drain or sewer access. Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Marine pollutant.
Xn symbol
N symbol
R: 22-36/38-50/53
S: 2-26-28-60-61
UN Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Packing Group: III
SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
ICSC: 0879 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

International Chemical Safety Cards

2,4,5-TRICHLOROPHENOL ICSC: 0879
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PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS CRYSTALS OR GREY FLAKES , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:


CHEMICAL DANGERS:
May explode on heating to decomposition. The substance decomposes on heating and on contact with strong oxidants producing toxic and irritating fumes (chlorine, hydrochloric acid). The substance is a weak acid. Reacts in an alkaline medium at high temperatures producing highly toxic chlorinated dioxins.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV not established.
MAK: IIb (not established but data is available) (DFG 2008).


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and through the skin and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
No indication can be given about the rate in which a harmful concentration in the air is reached on evaporation of this substance at 20°C.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance irritates the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
Repeated or prolonged contact with skin may cause dermatitis. The substance may have effects on the liver and kidneys. (see Notes). ted at PR-update 2010, consulting K. Straif (IARC): for this particular compound there is inadequate evidence from animal data on carcinogenicity. There is human data for the mixture of polychlorophenols indicating that the mixture may have carcinogenic potential (equal to IARC group 3).
PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES
Boiling point: 253°C
Melting point: 67°C
Density: 1.68 g/cm³
Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 25°C: 0.1
Vapour pressure, Pa at 25°C: 2.9
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 3.7
ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA
Environmental Hazard placard The substance is very toxic to aquatic organisms. The substance may cause long-term effects in the aquatic environment. Avoid release to the environment in circumstances different to normal use.
N O T E S
Technical products may contain highly toxic impurities such as polychlorinated dibenzodioxins and dibenzofurans. The substance is combustible but no flash point is available in literature. Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated. If the substance is formulated with solvent(s) also consult the card(s) (ICSC) of the solvent(s). Carrier solvents used in commercial formulations may change physical and toxicological properties. Caswell No. 879, Collunosol, Dowicide 2, NCI-C61187, Nurelle, Preventol I are trade names. Also consult ICSC #0588 2,3,4-trichlorophenol, ICSC #0589 2,3,5-trichlorophenol, ICSC #0590 2,3,6-trichlorophenol and ICSC #1122 2,4,6-trichlorophenol.
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-804
Card has been partially updated in November 2008: see Occupational Exposure Limits,
Card has been partially updated in May 2010: see Effects of Long-Term or Repeated Exposure.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


ICSC: 0879 2,4,5-TRICHLOROPHENOL
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.