Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to site content
CDC Home
Error processing SSI file

HAFNIUM POWDER

ICSC: 0847

Hf
(powder)
ICSC #    0847
CAS #     7440-58-6
RTECS # MG4600000
UN #        2545 (powder, dry); 1326 (powder, wetted with water)
October 26, 1995 Validated

TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE

ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS

PREVENTION

FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING

FIRE Flammable.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking.
Special powder.
EXPLOSION Finely dispersed particles form explosive mixtures in air. Risk of fire and explosion (see Chemical Dangers).
Do NOT expose to friction or shock. Prevent deposition of dust; closed system, dust explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting.

EXPOSURE
PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST!

 •INHALATION
Avoid inhalation of fine dust and mist. Local exhaust or breathing protection.

 •SKIN
Protective gloves.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.
 •EYES Redness.
Safety spectacles.

 •INGESTION
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL

STORAGE

PACKAGING & LABELLING

Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Remove all ignition sources. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Do NOT absorb in saw-dust or other combustible absorbents. Wet powder to prevent dusting and ignition, then carefully collect powder into sealable containers. Remove to a safe place. (Extra personal protection: P2 filter respirator for harmful particles).
Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants, strong bases, halogens, phosphorous and sulfur. Keep under water.

UN Hazard Class: 4.2 (dry); 4.1 (wetted)
ICSC: 0847 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

HAFNIUM POWDER

ICSC: 0847

I

M

P

O

R

T

A

N

T


D

A

T

A

PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
GREY POWDER.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:
Dust explosion possible if in powder or granular form, mixed with air.

CHEMICAL DANGERS:
May explosively decompose on shock, friction, or concussion. May explode on heating. The substance may spontaneously ignite on contact with air and at higher temperatures with nitrogen, phosphorous and sulphur. Reacts violently with strong acids, strong oxidants, halogens causing explosion hazard.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV: 0.5 mg/m3 (as TWA) (ACGIH 1995-1996).
MAK: IIb (not established but data is available) (DFG 2008).
OSHA PEL*: TWA 0.5 mg/m3 *Note: The PEL also applies to other hafnium compounds (as Hf).
NIOSH REL*: TWA 0.5 mg/m3 *Note: The REL also applies to other hafnium compounds (as Hf).
NIOSH IDLH: 50 mg/m3 (as Hf) See: 7440586


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol.

INHALATION RISK:
Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly when dispersed.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:


EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
Lungs may be affected by repeated or prolonged exposure. The substance may have effects on the liver.

PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES

Boiling point: 4602°C
Melting point: 2227°C
Relative density (water = 1): 13.31
Solubility in water: none

ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA


N O T E S

Powder is normally handled wetted with no less than 25% of water to reduce the fire and explosion risk. Health effects of exposure to the substance have not been investigated adequately. Rinse contaminated clothes (fire hazard) with plenty of water.
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-41G13
Card has been partially updated in November 2008: see Occupational Exposure Limits.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION



ICSC: 0847 HAFNIUM POWDER
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.
 
Error processing SSI file
USA.gov: The U.S. Government's Official Web PortalDepartment of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention   1600 Clifton Road Atlanta, GA 30329-4027, USA
800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636) TTY: (888) 232-6348 - Contact CDC–INFO