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CHLOROACETONITRILE

ICSC: 0844

Chloroethanenitrile
Monochloroacetonitrile
Chloromethyl cyanide
C2H2ClN / ClCH2CN
Molecular mass: 75.5
ICSC #    0844
CAS #     107-14-2
RTECS # AL8225000
UN #        2668
EC #         608-008-00-1
October 18, 1999 Validated

TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE

ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS

PREVENTION

FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING

FIRE Flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking.
Powder, water spray, foam, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Above 47°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.
Above 47°C use a closed system, ventilation.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
STRICT HYGIENE!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
 •INHALATION Sore throat. Cough. Headache. Laboured breathing. Weakness. Unconsciousness.
Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention.
 •SKIN MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. (Further see Inhalation).
Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
 •EYES Redness.
Face shield, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION (Further see Inhalation).
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.
Rinse mouth. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Refer for medical attention.

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL

STORAGE

PACKAGING & LABELLING

Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT wash away into sewer. (Extra personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus). Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment.
Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants, strong bases, strong acids, food and feedstuffs. Well closed. Cool. Ventilation along the floor.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
T symbol
N symbol
R: 23/24/25-51/53
S: 1/2-45-61
UN Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Subsidiary Risks: 3
UN Packing Group: II
ICSC: 0844 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

CHLOROACETONITRILE

ICSC: 0844

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PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:


CHEMICAL DANGERS:
The substance decomposes on heating producing toxic and flammable vapors including hydrogen cyanide . Reacts with strong oxidants, reducing agents, acids, bases, steam, producing highly toxic and flammable fumes.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV not established.
MAK not established.


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol, through the skin and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
A harmful contamination of the air can be reached rather quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance irritates the eyes, the skin, and the respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the cellular respiration , resulting in cyanosis. The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:

PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES

Boiling point: 126°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.19
Solubility in water: none
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 1.16
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.61
Flash point: 47°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 1.0-?
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 0.23

ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA

The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms.

N O T E S

The symptoms of acute intoxication do not become manifest until a few hours. Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available. Also consult ICSC #0088 Acetonitrile.
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61G61b

NFPA Code: H3; F2; R0;

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION



ICSC: 0844 CHLOROACETONITRILE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.
 
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