International Chemical Safety Cards

BARIUM SULFATE ICSC: 0827
World Health Organization (WHO) International Labour Organization (ILO) United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) European Commission National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Barium sulphate
Blanc fixe
Artificial barite
BaSO4
Molecular mass: 233.43
ICSC #    0827
CAS #     7727-43-7
RTECS # CR0600000
October 20, 1999 Validated
TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Not combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.

In case of fire in the surroundings: use appropriate extinguishing media.
EXPLOSION


EXPOSURE
PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST!

 •INHALATION
Local exhaust or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest.
 •SKIN
Protective gloves.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.
 •EYES
Safety spectacles.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Rinse mouth.
SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
Personal protection: particulate filter respirator adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Sweep spilled substance into containers; if appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting.


SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
ICSC: 0827 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

International Chemical Safety Cards

BARIUM SULFATE ICSC: 0827
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PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
ODOURLESS TASTELESS, WHITE OR YELLOWISH CRYSTALS OR POWDER.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:


CHEMICAL DANGERS:
Reacts violently with aluminium powder.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV: 10 mg/m as TWA; (ACGIH 2004).
MAK: 1.5 mg/m (Respirable fraction); 4 mg/m (Inhalable fraction);
Pregnancy risk group: C
(DFG 2009).
OSHA PEL: TWA 15 mg/m3 (total) TWA 5 mg/m3 (resp)
NIOSH REL: TWA 10 mg/m3 (total) TWA 5 mg/m3 (resp)
NIOSH IDLH: N.D. See: IDLH INDEX


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol.

INHALATION RISK:
Evaporation at 20C is negligible; a nuisance-causing concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:


EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
Lungs may be affected by repeated or prolonged exposure to dust particles , resulting in baritosis (a form of benign pneumoconiosis).
PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES
Melting point (decomposes): 1600C
Density: 4.5
g/cm
Solubility in water: none
ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA

N O T E S
Occurs in nature as the mineral barite; also as barytes, heavy spar.
Card has been partially updated in April 2010: see Occupational Exposure Limits, Spillage Disposal.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


ICSC: 0827 BARIUM SULFATE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.