Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to site content
CDC Home
Error processing SSI file

NITROETHANE

ICSC: 0817

C2H5NO2 / CH3CH2NO2
Molecular mass: 75.1
ICSC #    0817
CAS #     79-24-3
RTECS # KI5600000
UN #        2842
EC #         609-035-00-1
November 23, 1998 Validated

TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE

ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS

PREVENTION

FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING

FIRE Flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking. NO contact with base(s), combustibles and oxidants.
Powder , foam , carbon dioxide
EXPLOSION Above 28°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.
Above 28°C use a closed system, ventilation, and explosion-proof electrical equipment.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. Combat fire from a sheltered position.
EXPOSURE


 •INHALATION Headache. Cough. Dizziness. Shortness of breath. Convulsions. Unconsciousness. Weakness. (See Ingestion).
Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.
 •SKIN Redness. (See Inhalation).
Protective gloves.
First rinse with plenty of water, then remove contaminated clothes and rinse again. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.
 •EYES Redness.
Safety goggles.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION Abdominal pain. Blue lips or fingernails. Blue skin. Sore throat. (Further see Inhalation).
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention.

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL

STORAGE

PACKAGING & LABELLING

Ventilation. Remove all ignition sources. Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Do NOT absorb in saw-dust or other combustible absorbents.
Fireproof. Separated from combustible and reducing substances, strong oxidants.

Xn symbol
R: 10-20/22
S: 2-9-25-41
UN Hazard Class: 3
UN Packing Group: III
ICSC: 0817 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

NITROETHANE

ICSC: 0817

I

M

P

O

R

T

A

N

T


D

A

T

A

PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
OILY COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:


CHEMICAL DANGERS:
May explode on heating rapidly to high temperature. Shock-sensitive compounds are formed with strong inorganic alkalis, acids or combination of amines and heavy metal oxides. The substance decomposes on burning producing toxic fumes (nitrogen oxides). Reacts with bases, combustible substances, oxidants, causing fire and explosion hazard.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV: 100 ppm; 307 mg/m3 (as TWA) (ACGIH 1997).
MAK: 100 ppm; 310 mg/m3.
Peak limitation category: II(4). Pregnancy risk group: D.
(DFG 2007).
OSHA PEL: TWA 100 ppm (310 mg/m3)
NIOSH REL: TWA 100 ppm (310 mg/m3)
NIOSH IDLH: 1000 ppm See: 79243


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
A harmful contamination of the air will be reached rather slowly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
Tear drawing. The substance irritates the eyes and the respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the blood , resulting in cyanosis and formation of methaemoglobin. Exposure at high level could cause lowering of consciousness. The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:

PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES

Boiling point: 114°C
Melting point: -50°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.05
Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 20°C: 4.5
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 2.08
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.6
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.03
Flash point: 28°C
Auto-ignition temperature: 414°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 4.0-?
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 0.2

ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA


N O T E S

In case of fire, intact vessels only to be approached after complete cool down. Will turn shock-sensitive if contaminated with amines, heavy metals, bases, acids. Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated. Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available.
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-30G35

NFPA Code: H1; F3; R3;
Card has been partially updated in March 2008: see Occupational Exposure Limits,

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION



ICSC: 0817 NITROETHANE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.
 
Error processing SSI file
USA.gov: The U.S. Government's Official Web PortalDepartment of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention   1600 Clifton Road Atlanta, GA 30329-4027, USA
800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636) TTY: (888) 232-6348 - Contact CDC–INFO