International Chemical Safety Cards

FURFURYL ALCOHOL ICSC: 0794
World Health Organization (WHO) International Labour Organization (ILO) United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) European Commission National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
2-Furanmethanol
2-Furancarbinol
2-Hydroxymethylfuran
Furfural alcohol
C5H6O2
Molecular mass: 98.1
6 Harmful - Stow Away from Foodstuffs placard 6 Poison placard ICSC #    0794
CAS #     98-00-0
RTECS # LU9100000
UN #        2874
EC #         603-018-00-2
September 10, 1997 Validated
TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible.
NO open flames.
Powder, alcohol-resistant foam, water spray, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Above 65°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.
Above 65°C use a closed system, ventilation.

EXPOSURE


 •INHALATION Cough. Diarrhoea. Dizziness. Headache. Nausea. Shortness of breath. Sore throat. Wheezing.
Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Refer for medical attention.
 •SKIN MAY BE ABSORBED! Dry skin. Redness.
Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.
 •EYES Redness. Pain.
Safety goggles, face shield, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION Burning sensation. Headache. Nausea. Unconsciousness.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Rinse mouth. Give a slurry of activated charcoal in water to drink. Refer for medical attention.
SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Wash away remainder with plenty of water.
Separated from strong oxidants, strong acids, food and feedstuffs.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Xn symbol
R: 20/21/22
S: 2
UN Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Packing Group: III
SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
ICSC: 0794 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

International Chemical Safety Cards

FURFURYL ALCOHOL ICSC: 0794
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PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. TURNS RED OR BROWN ON EXPOSURE TO LIGHT AND AIR.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:


CHEMICAL DANGERS:
The substance polymerizes under the influence of acids. Reacts violently with strong oxidants or strong acids causing fire and explosion hazard.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV: 10 ppm; 40 mg/m³ (as TWA), 15 ppm; 60 mg/m³ as (STEL) (skin) (ACGIH 1997).
MAK: skin absorption (H);
Carcinogen category: 3B
(DFG 2009).
OSHA PEL: TWA 50 ppm (200 mg/m3)
NIOSH REL: TWA 10 ppm (40 mg/m3) ST 15 ppm (60 mg/m3) skin
NIOSH IDLH: 75 ppm See: 98000


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
A harmful contamination of the air will be reached rather slowly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
Tear drawing. The substance irritates the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. Exposure far above the OEL could cause lowering of consciousness.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
The liquid defats the skin. The substance may have effects on the central nervous system.
PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES
Boiling point: 170°C
Melting point: -15°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.13
Solubility in water: miscible
Vapour pressure, Pa at 20°C: 53
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.4
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.00
Flash point: 65°C c.c. 75°C o.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 491°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 1.8-16.3
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 0.28
ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA

N O T E S
Other melting points: -31°C. The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient.
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61G61c
NFPA Code: H1; F2; R1;
Card has been partially updated in April 2010: see Occupational Exposure Limits, Spillage Disposal.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


ICSC: 0794 FURFURYL ALCOHOL
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.