International Chemical Safety Cards

TRICHLORONITROMETHANE ICSC: 0750
World Health Organization (WHO) International Labour Organization (ILO) United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) European Commission National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Chloropicrin
Nitrochloroform
Nitrotrichloromethane
CCl3NO2
Molecular mass: 164.4
6 Poison placard ICSC #    0750
CAS #     76-06-2
RTECS # PB6300000
UN #        1580
EC #         610-001-00-3
November 24, 1998 Validated
TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Not combustible. Many reactions may cause fire or explosion.

In case of fire in the surroundings: all extinguishing agents allowed.
EXPLOSION


EXPOSURE
STRICT HYGIENE!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
 •INHALATION Abdominal pain. Cough. Diarrhoea. Dizziness. Headache. Nausea. Sore throat. Vomiting. Weakness. Symptoms may be delayed (see Notes).
Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Refer for medical attention.
 •SKIN Redness. Pain.
Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention.
 •EYES Redness. Pain. Blurred vision.
Safety spectacles, face shield, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION (See Inhalation).
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Rinse mouth. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Refer for medical attention.
SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. (Extra personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus).
Separated from food and feedstuffs. See Chemical Dangers. Cooled. Keep in the dark. Ventilation along the floor.
Unbreakable packaging; put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container. Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
T+ symbol
R: 22-26-36/37/38
S: 1/2-36/37-38-45
UN Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Packing Group: I
SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
ICSC: 0750 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

International Chemical Safety Cards

TRICHLORONITROMETHANE ICSC: 0750
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PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
SLIGHTLY OILY, COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:
The vapour is heavier than air.

CHEMICAL DANGERS:
May explode on heating and on shock. The substance decomposes on heating and under influence of light producing toxic fumes including hydrogen chloride and nitrogen oxides. Reacts violently with alcoholic sodium hydroxide, sodium methoxide, propargyl bromide, aniline+heat.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV: 0.1 ppm; 0.67 mg/m (as TWA); A4 (ACGIH 1998).
MAK: 0.1 ppm, 0.68 mg/m;
Peak limitation category: I(1)
(DFG 2006).
OSHA PEL: TWA 0.1 ppm (0.7 mg/m3)
NIOSH REL: TWA 0.1 ppm (0.7 mg/m3)
NIOSH IDLH: 2 ppm See: 76062


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
A harmful contamination of the air can be reached very quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
Tear drawing. The substance irritates strongly the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. Inhalation of vapor may cause lung oedema (see Notes). Exposure above the OEL may result in death. The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES
Boiling point: 112C
Melting point: -64C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.7
Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 25C: 0.162
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20C: 2.7
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 5.7
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20C (air = 1): 1.12
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 2.1
ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA

N O T E S
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated. The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation is therefore essential. Immediate administration of an appropriate inhalation therapy by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered. The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient. Do NOT take working clothes home.
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-162

NFPA Code: H4; F0; R3;
Card has been partially updated in August 2007: see Ingestion First Aid, Occupational Exposure Limits.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


ICSC: 0750 TRICHLORONITROMETHANE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.