International Chemical Safety Cards

POTASSIUM PERCHLORATE ICSC: 0714
World Health Organization (WHO) International Labour Organization (ILO) United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) European Commission National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Potassium hyperchlorate
Perchloric acid, potassium salt
Peroidin
KClO4
Molecular mass: 138.5
5.1 Oxidizer placard ICSC #    0714
CAS #     7778-74-7
RTECS # SC9700000
UN #        1489
EC #         017-008-00-5
November 28, 2003 Validated
TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Not combustible but enhances combustion of other substances. Many reactions may cause fire or explosion. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking. NO contact with flammable substances.
In case of fire in the surroundings: water in large amounts, water spray .
EXPLOSION
Do NOT expose to friction or shock.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. Combat fire from a sheltered position.
EXPOSURE
PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST!

 •INHALATION Cough. Sore throat.
Local exhaust or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.
 •SKIN Redness.
Protective gloves.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.
 •EYES Redness. Pain.
Safety goggles, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention.
SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
Sweep spilled substance into sealable containers. Wash away remainder with plenty of water. Do NOT absorb in saw-dust or other combustible absorbents. (Extra personal protection: P2 filter respirator for harmful particles).
Separated from combustible and reducing substances. See Chemical Dangers.

O symbol
Xn symbol
R: 9-22
S: 2-13-22-27
UN Hazard Class: 5.1
UN Packing Group: II
SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
ICSC: 0714 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

International Chemical Safety Cards

POTASSIUM PERCHLORATE ICSC: 0714
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PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS CRYSTALS OR WHITE CRYSTALLINE POWDER

PHYSICAL DANGERS:


CHEMICAL DANGERS:
The substance decomposes on heating producing toxic and corrosive fumes (chlorine, chloroxides). The substance is a strong oxidant and reacts with combustible and reducing materials , causing fire and explosion hazard.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV not established.


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly when dispersed.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance is irritating to the eyes , the skin and the respiratory tract .

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
The substance may have effects on the blood , resulting in formation of methaemoglobin. (See Notes).
PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES
Melting point (decomposes): 400°C
Density: 2.5
g/cm³
Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 20°C: 1.8
ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA

N O T E S
Will turn shock-sensitive if contaminated with organic substances. Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available. Rinse contaminated clothes (fire hazard) with plenty of water. Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated.
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-51S1489

NFPA Code: H 1; F 0; R 2; ox
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


ICSC: 0714 POTASSIUM PERCHLORATE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.