Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to site content
CDC Home
Error processing SSI file

THEOPHYLLINE

ICSC: 0678

3,7-Dihydro-1,3-dimethyl-1H-purine-2,6-dione
1,3-Dimethylxanthine
C7H8N4O2
Molecular mass: 180.2
ICSC #    0678
CAS #     58-55-9
RTECS # XH3850000
UN #        1544
April 18, 2007 Validated

TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE

ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS

PREVENTION

FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING

FIRE Not combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.

In case of fire in the surroundings: use appropriate extinguishing media.
EXPLOSION


EXPOSURE


 •INHALATION see Ingestion.
Avoid inhalation of fine dust and mist.
Fresh air, rest.
 •SKIN
Protective gloves.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.
 •EYES
Safety spectacles.
First rinse with plenty of water (remove contact lenses if easily possible).
 •INGESTION Headache. Nausea. Vomiting. Irritability. Insomnia. Palpitation. Convulsions.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.
Rinse mouth. Give a slurry of activated charcoal in water to drink. Refer for medical attention.

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL

STORAGE

PACKAGING & LABELLING

Personal protection: particulate filter adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Sweep spilled substance into sealable containers; if appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Then remove to safe place.
Separated from food and feedstuffs .
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
UN Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Packing Group: III
Signal: Danger
Skull-Health haz
Toxic if swallowed
May be harmful if inhaled dust
May cause harm to breast-fed children
Causes damage to vascular system and kidneys
Causes damage to kidneys through prolonged or repeated exposure
ICSC: 0678 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

THEOPHYLLINE

ICSC: 0678

I

M

P

O

R

T

A

N

T


D

A

T

A

PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
WHITE CRYSTALLINE POWDER.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:


CHEMICAL DANGERS:
The substance decomposes on heating producing toxic fumes including nitrogen oxides .

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV not established.
MAK not established.


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body in hazardous amounts by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
A nuisance-causing concentration of airborne particles can be reached quickly when dispersed.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance may cause effects on the heart and central nervous system , resulting in cardiac dysrhythmia and convulsions . The effects may be delayed.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:

PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES

Melting point: 270-274°C
Density: 500
kg/m3
Solubility in water, g/100 ml: 0.55-0.8
Vapour pressure, Pa at °C:
negligible
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -0.02 (estimated)

ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA


N O T E S

Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61GT2-III

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION



ICSC: 0678 THEOPHYLLINE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.
 
Error processing SSI file
USA.gov: The U.S. Government's Official Web PortalDepartment of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention   1600 Clifton Road Atlanta, GA 30329-4027, USA
800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636) TTY: (888) 232-6348 - Contact CDC–INFO