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IODINE CYANIDE

ICSC: 0662

Cyanogen iodide
CNI
Molecular mass: 152.9
ICSC #    0662
CAS #     506-78-5
RTECS # NN1750000
UN #        1588
EC #         006-007-00-5
April 22, 2005 Validated

TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE

ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS

PREVENTION

FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING

FIRE Not combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.

In case of fire in the surroundings: use appropriate extinguishing media.
EXPLOSION

In case of fire: cool drums, etc., by spraying with water but avoid contact of the substance with water.
EXPOSURE
PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST! STRICT HYGIENE!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
 •INHALATION Sore throat. Headache. Confusion. Weakness. Shortness of breath. Convulsions. Unconsciousness. See Notes.
Local exhaust or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration may be needed. No mouth-to-mouth artificial respiration. Administer oxygen by trained personnel. Refer for medical attention.
 •SKIN MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Pain. (See Inhalation).
Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
 •EYES Redness. Pain.
Safety goggles , face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION Burning sensation. Nausea. Vomiting. Diarrhoea. (See Inhalation).
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.
Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Wear protective gloves when inducing vomiting. Give a slurry of activated charcoal in water to drink. No mouth-to-mouth artificial respiration. Administer oxygen by trained personnel. Refer for medical attention. See Notes.

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL

STORAGE

PACKAGING & LABELLING

Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Ventilation. Sweep spilled substance into sealable containers. Carefully collect remainder, then remove to safe place. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment.
Separated from incompatible materials, food and feedstuffs. Dry. Well closed. Keep in a well-ventilated room. Store in an area without drain or sewer access.
Airtight. Unbreakable packaging; put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container. Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Marine pollutant.
Note: A
T+ symbol
N symbol
R: 26/27/28-32-50/53
S: 1/2-7-28-29-45-60-61
UN Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Packing Group: I
ICSC: 0662 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

IODINE CYANIDE

ICSC: 0662

I

M

P

O

R

T

A

N

T


D

A

T

A

PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
WHITE CRYSTALS , WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:


CHEMICAL DANGERS:
The substance decomposes on contact with acids , bases , ammonia alcohols , and on heating producing toxic gases including hydrogen cyanide . Reacts with carbon dioxide or slowly with water to produce hydrogen cyanide .

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV not established.
Decomposition in moist air results in hydrogen cyanide exposure:
TLV: (for Hydrogen cyanide and some cyanide salts, as CN) 4.7 ppm as STEL; (Ceiling value); (ACGIH 2005).
MAK: (as CN) (Inhalable fraction) 2 mg/m3;
Peak limitation category: II (1);
skin absorption (H);
Pregnancy risk group: C;
(DFG 2004).


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol, through the skin and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
A harmful concentration of airborne particles can be reached quickly when dispersed.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance is severely irritating to the eyes the skin and the respiratory tract . The substance may cause effects on the cellular respiration , resulting in convulsions and unconsciousness . Exposure may result in death. Medical observation is indicated. See Notes.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
The substance may have effects on the thyroid.

PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES

Melting point: 146-147°C
Density: 2.84 g/cm3
Solubility in water: slow
reaction
Vapour pressure, Pa at 25.2°C: 130
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 1.54

ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA

The substance is very toxic to aquatic organisms.

N O T E S

Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available. Do NOT take working clothes home.
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61GT5-I or 61GT5-I-Cy

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION



ICSC: 0662 IODINE CYANIDE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.
 
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