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GLYCEROL

ICSC: 0624

Glycerin
1,2,3-Propanetriol
1,2,3-Trihydroxypropane
C3H8O3 / CH2OHCHOHCH2OH
Molecular mass: 92.1
ICSC #    0624
CAS #     56-81-5
RTECS # MA8050000
April 06, 2006 Validated

TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE

ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS

PREVENTION

FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING

FIRE Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames.
Water spray. Alcohol-resistant foam. Dry powder. Carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION

In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE


 •INHALATION
Ventilation.
Fresh air, rest.
 •SKIN Dry skin.
Protective gloves.
Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.
 •EYES
Safety goggles.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION Diarrhoea.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Rinse mouth.

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL

STORAGE

PACKAGING & LABELLING

Ventilation. Collect leaking liquid in covered containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place.
Separated from strong oxidants.

ICSC: 0624 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

GLYCEROL

ICSC: 0624

I

M

P

O

R

T

A

N

T


D

A

T

A

PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
HYGROSCOPIC, VISCOUS COLOURLESS LIQUID.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:


CHEMICAL DANGERS:
The substance decomposes on heating producing corrosive fumes of acrolein . Reacts with strong oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV: mist 10 mg/m3 as TWA (ACGIH 2005).
MAK: 50 mg/m3 (Inhalable fraction)
Peak limitation category: I(2) Pregnancy risk group: C
(DFG 2006).
OSHA PEL: TWA 15 mg/m3 (total) TWA 5 mg/m3 (resp)
NIOSH REL: See Appendix D
NIOSH IDLH: N.D. See: IDLH INDEX


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:


INHALATION RISK:
Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a nuisance-causing concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly on spraying.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:


EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:

PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES

Boiling point: 290°C
Melting point: 18°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.26
Solubility in water: miscible
Vapour pressure, Pa at 25°C: 0.01
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.2
Flash point: 176°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 393°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 2.6 - 11.3
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -1.76

ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA


N O T E S

NFPA Code: H1; F1; R0
Card has been partially updated in August 2007: see Occupational Exposure Limits.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION



ICSC: 0624 GLYCEROL
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.
 
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