International Chemical Safety Cards

ETHYL FORMATE ICSC: 0623
World Health Organization (WHO) International Labour Organization (ILO) United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) European Commission National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Formic acid, ethyl ester
Formic ether
C3H6O2 / HCOOC2H5
Molecular mass: 74.1
3 Flammable Liquid placard ICSC #    0623
CAS #     109-94-4
RTECS # LQ8400000
UN #        1190
EC #         607-015-00-7
May 05, 2010 Validated
Fa, rack: 10-2004, Sankt Augustin; TEC (R), EU classification updated; MAK added; formula corrected (C3H6O2)
TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Highly flammable.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking.
Powder, alcohol-resistant foam, water spray, carbon dioxide
EXPLOSION Vapour/air mixtures are explosive. Heating will cause rise in pressure with risk of bursting. Risk of fire and explosion on contact with strong oxidants. p < 100 C
Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling. Prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (e.g., by grounding).
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE


 •INHALATION Cough. Shortness of breath. Headache. Drowsiness.
Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.
 •SKIN Redness.
Protective gloves.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.
 •EYES Redness. Pain.
Safety goggles.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION Sore throat. (Further see Inhalation).
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention. review 2010 due to kinematic viscosity calculated 0.358 mm²/s at 20 °C
SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Ventilation. Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours of low boiling point adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Remove all ignition sources. Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place.
Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants. Cool.

F symbol
Xn symbol
R: 11-20/22-36/37
S: 2-9-16-24-26-33
UN Hazard Class: 3
UN Packing Group: II
Signal: Danger
Flame-Excl mark
Highly flammable liquid and vapour
May be harmful if swallowed
Causes serious eye irritation
May cause respiratory irritation
SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
ICSC: 0623 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

International Chemical Safety Cards

ETHYL FORMATE ICSC: 0623
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PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:
The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible.

CHEMICAL DANGERS:
Reacts violently with strong oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV: 100 ppm, as TWA (ACGIH 2010).
MAK: 100 ppm, 310 mg/m³; skin absorption (H);
Peak limitation category: I(1); Pregnancy risk group: C;
(DFG 2009).
OSHA PEL: TWA 100 ppm (300 mg/m3)
NIOSH REL: TWA 100 ppm (300 mg/m3)
NIOSH IDLH: 1500 ppm See: 109944


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
A harmful contamination of the air can be reached rather quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance is irritating to the eyes and the respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system. Exposure far above the OEL could cause lowering of consciousness.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
The liquid defats the skin.
PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES
Boiling point: 52-54°C
Melting point: -80°C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.92
Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 20°C: 10.5
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 25.6
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.6
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.4
Flash point: -20°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 440°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 2.7-16.5
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 0.23
ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA

N O T E S
The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient. Do NOT take working clothes home.
NFPA Code: H2; F3; R0;
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


ICSC: 0623 ETHYL FORMATE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.