International Chemical Safety Cards

PYRROLIDONE ICSC: 0562
World Health Organization (WHO) International Labour Organization (ILO) United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) European Commission National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
2-Pyrrolidinone
2-Pyrrolidone
2-Ketopyrrolidine
2-Oxopyrrolidine
C4H7NO
Molecular mass: 85.1
ICSC #    0562
CAS #     616-45-5
RTECS # UY5715000
August 04, 1997 Validated
TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames.
Powder, alcohol-resistant foam, water spray, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION


EXPOSURE


 •INHALATION


 •SKIN Redness.
Protective gloves.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.
 •EYES Pain. Redness. Blurred vision.
Safety spectacles.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place.
Ventilation along the floor.

SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
ICSC: 0562 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

International Chemical Safety Cards

PYRROLIDONE ICSC: 0562
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PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
LIGHT YELLOW LIQUID.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:


CHEMICAL DANGERS:
The substance decomposes on heating or on burning producing toxic fumes including nitrogen oxides.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV not established.


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body through the skin.

INHALATION RISK:
A harmful contamination of the air will not or will only very slowly be reached on evaporation of this substance at 20C; on spraying or dispersing, however, much faster.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance irritates the skin, the eyes and the respiratory tract.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES
Boiling point: 245C
Melting point: 25C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.1
Solubility in water: good
Vapour pressure, Pa at 20C: negligible
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.9
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20C (air = 1): 1.00
Flash point: 129C o.c.
ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA

N O T E S
Insufficient data are available on the effect of this substance on human health, therefore utmost care must be taken. Also consult ICSC # 0513 (N-Methyl-2-pyrrolidone).
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


ICSC: 0562 PYRROLIDONE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.