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1-PROPANOL

ICSC: 0553

Propyl alcohol
Propan-1-ol
C3H8O / CH3CH2CH2OH
Molecular mass: 60.1
ICSC #    0553
CAS #     71-23-8
RTECS # UH8225000
UN #        1274
EC #         603-003-00-0
October 20, 1999 Validated

TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE

ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS

PREVENTION

FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING

FIRE Highly flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking. NO contact with oxidants.
Powder, alcohol-resistant foam, water spray, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Vapour/air mixtures explosive.
Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE


 •INHALATION Ataxia. Confusion. Dizziness. Drowsiness. Headache. Nausea. Weakness.
Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest.
 •SKIN Dry skin.
Protective gloves.
Rinse and the wash skin with water and soap.
 •EYES Redness. Pain. Blurred vision.
Safety goggles.
First rinse with plenty of water for several mintures (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION Abdominal pain. Sore throat. Vomiting. (See Inhalation).
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention.

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL

STORAGE

PACKAGING & LABELLING

Ventilation. Remove all ignition sources. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place.
Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants. Cool. Well closed. Keep in a well-ventilated room.

Note: 6
F symbol
Xi symbol
R: 11-41-67
S: 2-7-16-24-26-39
UN Hazard Class: 3
UN Packing Group: II
ICSC: 0553 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

1-PROPANOL

ICSC: 0553

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PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
CLEAR COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:
The vapour mixes well with air, explosive mixtures are easily formed.

CHEMICAL DANGERS:
Reacts with strong oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard. Attacks some forms of plastic and rubber.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV: 200 ppm as TWA, 400 ppm as STEL; A3 (confirmed animal carcinogen with unknown relevance to humans); Intended change (ACGIH 2005).
MAK not established.
OSHA PEL: TWA 200 ppm (500 mg/m3)
NIOSH REL: TWA 200 ppm (500 mg/m3) ST 250 ppm (625 mg/m3) skin
NIOSH IDLH: 800 ppm See: 71238


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
A harmful contamination of the air will be reached rather slowly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C; on spraying or dispersing, however, much faster.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance irritates the eyes . The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system. Exposure at high levels may result in unconsciousness.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
The liquid defats the skin.

PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES

Boiling point: 97°C
Melting point: -127°C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.8
Solubility in water:
miscible
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 2.0
Relative vapour density (air=1): 2.1
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air=1): 1.02
Flash point:
15°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 371°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 2.1-13.5
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 0.25

ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA


N O T E S

Use of alcoholic beverages enhances the harmful effect. Card has been partly updated in October 2004. See sections Occupational Exposure Limits, EU classification, Emergency Response.
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-30S1274

NFPA Code: H 1; F 3; R 0;
Card has been partially updated in August 2007: see Occupational Exposure Limits.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION



ICSC: 0553 1-PROPANOL
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.
 
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