International Chemical Safety Cards

PIVALIC ACID ICSC: 0486
World Health Organization (WHO) International Labour Organization (ILO) United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) European Commission National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
2,2-Dimethylpropanoic acid
alpha,alpha-Dimethylpropionic acid
Trimethylacetic acid
Neopentanoic acid
C5H10O2 / (CH3)3CCOOH
Molecular mass: 102.1
8 Corrosive placard ICSC #    0486
CAS #     75-98-9
RTECS # TO7700000
UN #        1759
October 23, 1995 Validated
TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible.
NO open flames.
Powder, alcohol-resistant foam, water spray, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION


EXPOSURE


 •INHALATION Cough. Sore throat.
Local exhaust.
Fresh air, rest.
 •SKIN Redness.
Protective gloves.
Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.
 •EYES Redness.
Safety spectacles.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION Burning sensation.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Rinse mouth.
SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. If solid: sweep spilled substance into containers; if appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Wash away remainder with plenty of water. (Extra personal protection: A/P2 filter respirator for organic vapour and harmful dust).
Separated from strong oxidants, food and feedstuffs.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
UN Hazard Class: 8
SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
ICSC: 0486 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

International Chemical Safety Cards

PIVALIC ACID ICSC: 0486
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PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS LIQUID OR COLOURLESS TO WHITE CRYSTALS , WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:


CHEMICAL DANGERS:
The solution in water is a weak acid. The substance is a weak base. Reacts violently with strong oxidants. Attacks many metals forming flammable/explosive gas (hydrogen - see ICSC # 0001).

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV not established.


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol, through the skin and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
No indication can be given about the rate in which a harmful concentration in the air is reached on evaporation of this substance at 20°C.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance irritates the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES
Boiling point: 164°C
Melting point: 36°C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.91
Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 20°C: 2.5
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 0.1
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.5
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.00
Flash point: 64°C c.c.
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 1.4
ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA

N O T E S
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-159
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


ICSC: 0486 PIVALIC ACID
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.