International Chemical Safety Cards

ALUMINIUM PHOSPHIDE ICSC: 0472
World Health Organization (WHO) International Labour Organization (ILO) United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) European Commission National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Aluminum phosphide
AlP
Molecular mass: 58
6 Poison placard 4 Dangerous When Wet placard ICSC #    0472
CAS #     20859-73-8
RTECS # BD1400000
UN #        1397
EC #         015-004-00-8
September 04, 1997 Validated
TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Not combustible but forms flammable gas on contact with water or damp air. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking. NO contact with acid(s) and water.
Special powder, dry sand, NO other agents. NO water.
EXPLOSION Risk of fire and explosion on contact with acid(s) and water.


EXPOSURE
PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST! STRICT HYGIENE!

 •INHALATION Sore throat. Cough. Shortness of breath. Headache. Dizziness. Nausea. Vomiting.
Local exhaust or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.
 •SKIN Redness. Burning sensation.
Protective gloves.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Wear protective gloves when administering first aid.
 •EYES Redness.
Safety goggles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION Nausea. Vomiting. Diarrhoea. Abdominal pain. Headache. Convulsions. Shock or collapse. Unconsciousness.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.
Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Refer for medical attention.
SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Do NOT wash away into sewer. Sweep spilled substance into sealable containers. Carefully collect remainder, then remove to safe place. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus.
Fireproof. Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. Separated from acids, water food and feedstuffs . Dry.
Airtight. Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
F symbol
T+ symbol
N symbol
R: 15/29-28-32-50
S: 1/2-3/9/14-30-36/37-45-61
UN Hazard Class: 4.3
UN Subsidiary Risks: 6.1
UN Packing Group: I
SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
ICSC: 0472 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

International Chemical Safety Cards

ALUMINIUM PHOSPHIDE ICSC: 0472
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PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
DARK GREY OR DARK YELLOW CRYSTALS.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:


CHEMICAL DANGERS:
The substance decomposes on contact with water , moist air and acids producing highly flammable and toxic gases (phosphine, see ICSC 0694).

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV not established.


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly. Hydrolysis in atmospheric moisture or perspiration may yield gaseous phosphine which can be inhaled.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance irritates the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. Inhalation of phosphine liberated from aluminium phosphide may cause lung oedema (see Notes). The substance may cause effects on the cardiovascular system , nervous system and respiratory tract , resulting in impaired functions and respiratory failure . Exposure may result in death.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES
Melting point: >1000°C
Relative density (water = 1): 2.9
Solubility in water:
reaction
ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA
Environmental Hazard placard The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms.
N O T E S
Commercial formulations for fumigations usually contain 57% of active ingredient. Reacts violently with fire extinguishing agents such as water. The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential. Immediate administration of an appropriate inhalation therapy by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered. Do NOT take working clothes home. Alutal, Celphide, Celphine, Celphos, Delicia Gastoxin, Detia Gas-Ex-B, Detia Gas-Ex-P, Detia Gas-Ex-T, L fume, Phosfume, Phostek, Phostoxin, Quickfos, and Zedesa are trade names. Also consult ICSC 0694 for Phosphine. Card has been partly updated in October 2005. See sections EU classification, Emergency Response.
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-43GWT2-I
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


ICSC: 0472 ALUMINIUM PHOSPHIDE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.