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1,2-DICHLOROPROPANE

ICSC: 0441

Propylene dichloride
C3H6Cl2
Molecular mass: 113.0
ICSC #    0441
CAS #     78-87-5
RTECS # TX9625000
UN #        1279
EC #         602-020-00-0
March 25, 1999 Validated

TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE

ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS

PREVENTION

FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING

FIRE Highly flammable.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking.
Powder . Foam. Carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.
Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!

 •INHALATION Cough. Drowsiness. Headache. Sore throat.
Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.
 •SKIN Dry skin. Redness. Pain.
Protective gloves.
First rinse with plenty of water, then remove contaminated clothes and rinse again. Refer for medical attention.
 •EYES Redness. Pain.
Safety goggles.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION Abdominal pain. Diarrhoea. Drowsiness. Headache. Nausea. Vomiting.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention.

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL

STORAGE

PACKAGING & LABELLING

Ventilation. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus.
Fireproof. Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing.

F symbol
Xn symbol
R: 11-20/22
S: 2-16-24
UN Hazard Class: 3
UN Packing Group: II
ICSC: 0441 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

1,2-DICHLOROPROPANE

ICSC: 0441

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PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:
The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible.

CHEMICAL DANGERS:
On combustion, forms toxic and corrosive fumes. Attacks aluminum alloys and some types of plastics.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV: 10 ppm as TWA, SEN A4 (not classifiable as a human carcinogen); (ACGIH 2007).
MAK:
Carcinogen category: 3B;
(DFG 2006).
OSHA PEL: TWA 75 ppm (350 mg/m3)
NIOSH REL: Ca See Appendix A
NIOSH IDLH: Ca 400 ppm See: 78875


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
A harmful contamination of the air can be reached rather quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance irritates the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
The liquid defats the skin. The substance may have effects on the liver and kidneys.

PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES

Boiling point: 96°C
Melting point: -100°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.16
Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 20°C: 0.26
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 27.9
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.9
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.15
Flash point: 16°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 557°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 3.4-14.5
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 2.02 (calculated)

ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA


N O T E S

Card has been partly updated in October 2005. See sections Occupational Exposure Limits, Emergency Response.
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-30S1279 or 30GF1-I+II

NFPA Code: H2; F3; R0;
Card has been partially updated in July 2007: see Occupational Exposure Limits.
Card has been partially updated in January 2008: see Fire fighting.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION



ICSC: 0441 1,2-DICHLOROPROPANE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.
 
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