International Chemical Safety Cards

AMMONIA (ANHYDROUS) ICSC: 0414
World Health Organization (WHO) International Labour Organization (ILO) United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) European Commission National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
NH3
Molecular mass: 17.03
(cylinder)
8 Corrosive placard 2 Poison Gas placard ICSC #    0414
CAS #     7664-41-7
RTECS # BO0875000
UN #        1005
EC #         007-001-00-5
March 27, 1998 Validated
TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Flammable.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking.
In case of fire in the surroundings: use appropriate extinguishing media.
EXPLOSION Gas/air mixtures are explosive.
Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting.
In case of fire: keep cylinder cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
AVOID ALL CONTACT!

 •INHALATION Burning sensation. Cough. Laboured breathing. Shortness of breath. Sore throat. Symptoms may be delayed (see Notes).
Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.
 •SKIN Redness. Skin burns. Pain. Blisters. ON CONTACT WITH LIQUID: FROSTBITE.
Cold-insulating gloves. Protective clothing.
ON FROSTBITE: rinse with plenty of water, do NOT remove clothes. Refer for medical attention.
 •EYES Redness. Pain. Severe deep burns.
Face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION


SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Ventilation. NEVER direct water jet on liquid. Remove gas with fine water spray. Personal protection: gas-tight chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus.
Fireproof. Separated from oxidants , acids, halogens . Cool. Keep in a well-ventilated room.

T symbol
N symbol
R: 10-23-34-50
S: 1/2-9-16-26-36/37/39-45-61
UN Hazard Class: 2.3
UN Subsidiary Risks: 8
SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
ICSC: 0414 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

International Chemical Safety Cards

AMMONIA (ANHYDROUS) ICSC: 0414
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PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS COMPRESSED LIQUEFIED GAS , WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:
The gas is lighter than air.

CHEMICAL DANGERS:
Shock-sensitive compounds are formed with mercury, silver and gold oxides. The substance is a strong base, it reacts violently with acid and is corrosive. Reacts violently with strong oxidants and halogens . Attacks copper, aluminum, zinc and their alloys. Dissolves in water evolving heat.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV: 25 ppm as TWA; 35 ppm as STEL; (ACGIH 2004).
MAK: 20 ppm, 14 mg/m;
Peak limitation category: I(2); Pregnancy risk group: C;
(DFG 2004).
OSHA PEL: TWA 50 ppm (35 mg/m3)
NIOSH REL: TWA 25 ppm (18 mg/m3) ST 35 ppm (27 mg/m3)
NIOSH IDLH: 300 ppm See: 7664417


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation.

INHALATION RISK:
A harmful concentration of this gas in the air will be reached very quickly on loss of containment.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance is corrosive to the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. Inhalation of high concentrations may cause lung oedema (see Notes). Rapid evaporation of the liquid may cause frostbite.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES
Boiling point: -33C
Melting point: -78C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.7 at -33C
Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 20C: 54
Vapour pressure, kPa at 26C: 1013
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 0.59
Auto-ignition temperature: 651C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 15-28
ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA
Environmental Hazard placard The substance is very toxic to aquatic organisms.
N O T E S
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation is therefore essential. Immediate administration of an appropriate inhalation therapy by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered. Turn leaking cylinder with the leak up to prevent escape of gas in liquid state. Card has been partly updated in October 2005. See sections Occupational Exposure Limits, Emergency Response.
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-20S1005 or 20G2TC

NFPA Code: H3; F1; R0;
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


ICSC: 0414 AMMONIA (ANHYDROUS)
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.